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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  of an article that met the coding criteria for the study) and assigned attribute values based on the information contained within. If the information for an attribute was not present, was unclear, or was not evident, the attribute value was coded as “unassigned”. If conflicting information appeared in articles involved in a set of cases, the attribute value with conflict was left “unassigned”. After assessing all 354 articles and assigning attributes to the 191 unique cases, each article was reviewed and re-assessed twice in order to ensure that the attribute values assigned were representative of the information within the article. Any occurrences of uncertainty resulted in the removal of the attribute value and the reapplication of the “unassigned” value. For cases where a trafficked individual was involved in prostitution, I only assigned the attribute values of either “Trafficker – Force” or “Trafficker – Non-Force, Fraud or Coercion” if it was evident in the article that either of these had occurred; I made no assumptions that because an individual was involved in prostitution, he or she must have been forced, deceived or coerced. Reliability of the coding scheme was tested through independent coding of 20 articles from the original sample size of 191. In order to create a blank slate for coding, I copied the original NVivo project and deleted all 191 coded articles. After deleting the 191 articles, I uploaded 20 articles that I had coded during the original coding stage. By first deleting the 191 articles and re-uploading 20, my attribute variables remained within the project but the 20 articles were no longer assigned any attribute values. Coding occurred in the same manner employed during the initial coding stage and each article was assessed. I selected 42

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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of an article that met the coding criteria for the study) and assigned attribute 
values based on the information contained within.  If the information for an 
attribute was not present, was unclear, or was not evident, the attribute value 
was coded as “unassigned”.  If conflicting information appeared in articles 
involved in a set of cases, the attribute value with conflict was left “unassigned”. 
After assessing all 354 articles and assigning attributes to the 191 unique cases, 
each article was reviewed and re-assessed twice in order to ensure that the 
attribute values assigned were representative of the information within the article. 
Any occurrences of uncertainty resulted in the removal of the attribute value and 
the reapplication of the “unassigned” value.  For cases where a trafficked 
individual was involved in prostitution, I only assigned the attribute values of 
either “Trafficker – Force” or “Trafficker – Non-Force, Fraud or Coercion” if it was 
evident in the article that either of these had occurred; I made no assumptions 
that because an individual was involved in prostitution, he or she must have been 
forced, deceived or coerced.
Reliability of the coding scheme was tested through independent coding of 
20 articles from the original sample size of 191.  In order to create a blank slate 
for coding, I copied the original NVivo project and deleted all 191 coded articles. 
After deleting the 191 articles, I uploaded 20 articles that I had coded during the 
original coding stage.  By first deleting the 191 articles and re-uploading 20, my 
attribute variables remained within the project but the 20 articles were no longer 
assigned any attribute values. Coding occurred in the same manner employed 
during the initial coding stage and each article was assessed.  I selected 
42


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