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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  the cases. Of those that could be determined (n=169), 24% (n=40) were trafficking incidents where only one trafficker was involved while 78% (n=129) involved two or more individuals. Fifty-seven percent (n=96) of the incidents where organizational levels could be determined involved traffickers identified as participatory agents in smuggling and/or trafficking organizations (See Table 8). However, it was unclear, and could not be determined from the data, whether this means that trafficking is simply a crime that requires collaboration and hence is organized, or whether it is a crime perpetrated by organized crime. LEVEL OF TRAFFICKER COOPERATION WITH OTHERS N % Trafficker Acted as Individual 40 23.7 Trafficker Acted with Family Members 15 8.9 Trafficker Acted with One Other Individual 16 9.5 Trafficker Acted in Organized Crime Ring 2 1.2 Trafficker Involved in Smuggling/Trafficking Ring 96 56.8 Totals 169 100.0 Table 8: Level of trafficker cooperation with other individuals(N of missing cases = 22, or 11% of all cases coded) The method of transport of trafficked individuals, which was assessed for the purpose of determining the most frequent method of transportation and the implications for a method’s popularity, yielded 134 (70%) cases where the method of transport could not be determined. Of the 56 (30%) incidents coded for method of transport, 28 (50%) incidents occurred with the most common mode of transport—the automobile. Trafficked person data. The gender and age of trafficked individuals was assessed within one particular attribute variable and the corresponding attribute values for coding simplicity. The gender and age of trafficked individuals could 45

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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the cases.  Of those that could be determined (n=169), 24% (n=40) were 
trafficking incidents where only one trafficker was involved while 78% (n=129) 
involved two or more individuals.  Fifty-seven percent (n=96) of the incidents 
where organizational levels could be determined involved traffickers identified as 
participatory agents in smuggling and/or trafficking organizations (See Table 8). 
However, it was unclear, and could not be determined from the data, whether this 
means that trafficking is simply a crime that requires collaboration and hence is 
organized, or whether it is a crime perpetrated by organized crime. 
LEVEL OF TRAFFICKER COOPERATION WITH OTHERS
 
 
 
 
 
N
%
 
 
Trafficker Acted as Individual
40
23.7
Trafficker Acted with Family Members
15
8.9
Trafficker Acted with One Other Individual
16
9.5
Trafficker Acted in Organized Crime Ring
2
1.2
Trafficker Involved in Smuggling/Trafficking Ring
96
56.8
Totals
169
100.0
Table 8: Level of trafficker cooperation with other individuals
(N of missing cases = 22, or 11% of all cases coded)
The method of transport of trafficked individuals, which was assessed for 
the purpose of determining the most frequent method of transportation and the 
implications for a method’s popularity, yielded 134 (70%) cases where the 
method of transport could not be determined.  Of the 56 (30%) incidents coded 
for method of transport, 28 (50%) incidents occurred with the most common 
mode of transport—the automobile.
Trafficked person data.  The gender and age of trafficked individuals was 
assessed within one particular attribute variable and the corresponding attribute 
values for coding simplicity.  The gender and age of trafficked individuals could 
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