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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  INITIATION OF TRANSPORT N % Trafficked Person 74 54.8 Trafficker (Force) 29 21.5 Trafficker (Non-Force, Fraud or Coercion) 32 23.7 Totals 135 100.0 Table 17: Initiation of transport(N of missing cases = 56 or 29.3%) Initiation of transport was not determined for 29% (n=56) of incidents. When this was determined, 55% (n=74) of incidents involved trafficked individuals who initiated the trafficking event without force, fraud or coercion by the trafficker. These 74 incidents were determined by law enforcement to have been non-exploitative acts. Twenty-two percent (n=29) of incidents involved force while 24% (n=32) involved fraud or coercion, absent of force. Included in the 22% of incidents involving force are the 13% (n=21) of trafficking incidents involving children, who were trafficked without adults supervision and were subsequently coded as “forced” into the trafficking act. Arrest of the trafficked individual. Although the arrest of trafficked individuals was not determined in 53% (n=101) of incidents, when this could be determined, 50% (n=45) of incidents did not result in arrest. Of the 50% (n=45) of incidents that did result in arrest, 2% (n=2) were prostitution-related while 38% (n=34) were immigration-related. The remaining 10% (n=9) of incidents resulting in arrest were related to other offences. Incidents where arrest occurred based on immorality, as defined by the arresting government, were often related to prostitution. Incidents such as these were included in the “Yes-Other Offences” category. Included in the 50% of cases where arrest did not occur were the 13% 53

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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Trafficked Person
Trafficker (Force)
Trafficker (Non-Force, Fraud or Coercion)
Table 17: Initiation of transport
(N of missing cases = 56 or 29.3%)
Initiation of transport was not determined for 29% (n=56) of incidents. 
When this was determined, 55% (n=74) of incidents involved trafficked 
individuals who initiated the trafficking event without force, fraud or coercion by 
the trafficker.  These 74 incidents were determined by law enforcement to have 
been non-exploitative acts.  Twenty-two percent (n=29) of incidents involved 
force while 24% (n=32) involved fraud or coercion, absent of force.  Included in 
the 22% of incidents involving force are the 13% (n=21) of trafficking incidents 
involving children, who were trafficked without adults supervision and were 
subsequently coded as “forced” into the trafficking act. 
Arrest of the trafficked individual.  Although the arrest of trafficked 
individuals was not determined in 53% (n=101) of incidents, when this could be 
determined, 50% (n=45) of incidents did not result in arrest.  Of the 50% (n=45) 
of incidents that did result in arrest, 2% (n=2) were prostitution-related while 38% 
(n=34) were immigration-related.  The remaining 10% (n=9) of incidents resulting 
in arrest were related to other offences.  Incidents where arrest occurred based 
on immorality, as defined by the arresting government, were often related to 
prostitution.  Incidents such as these were included in the “Yes-Other Offences” 
category.  Included in the 50% of cases where arrest did not occur were the 13% 

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