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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  DISCUSSION This study analyzes 191 separate cases of human trafficking and human smuggling and offers insight into the act of human trafficking, including the patterns and methodologies of specific parties involved. Some cases involved in the study, particularly dealing with the trafficking of individuals for sexual exploitation, reflect current trends in human trafficking literature. While this study addresses some of the gaps in the literature, it also generates many additional questions regarding human trafficking. First, the arrest and prosecution patterns discovered in the current study suggest that the current definitional issues of trafficking are capable of preventing the effectiveness of human trafficking legislation. This concept is especially evident in cases of arrest and prosecution where human trafficking legislation was used for a crime that involved immigrant smuggling without exploitation. The results of this study also indicate definitional issues relating to legislation when considering that cases of illegal immigration involving female migrants resulted, more often than not, in charges of human trafficking. Second, the lack of participation on a global scale to limit trafficking is also evident in the results of the study. Specifically, only countries that employ anti- trafficking legislation are captured by the researcher’s results. While this may limit the universality of the results, this study is able to evaluate the effectiveness of trafficking legislation in countries where such legislation exists because the 55

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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DISCUSSION
This study analyzes 191 separate cases of human trafficking and human 
smuggling and offers insight into the act of human trafficking, including the 
patterns and methodologies of specific parties involved.  Some cases involved in 
the study, particularly dealing with the trafficking of individuals for sexual 
exploitation, reflect current trends in human trafficking literature.  While this study 
addresses some of the gaps in the literature, it also generates many additional 
questions regarding human trafficking. 
First, the arrest and prosecution patterns discovered in the current study 
suggest that the current definitional issues of trafficking are capable of preventing 
the effectiveness of human trafficking legislation.  This concept is especially 
evident in cases of arrest and prosecution where human trafficking legislation 
was used for a crime that involved immigrant smuggling without exploitation. The 
results of this study also indicate definitional issues relating to legislation when 
considering that cases of illegal immigration involving female migrants resulted, 
more often than not, in charges of human trafficking.  
Second, the lack of participation on a global scale to limit trafficking is also 
evident in the results of the study.  Specifically, only countries that employ anti-
trafficking legislation are captured by the researcher’s results.  While this may 
limit the universality of the results, this study is able to evaluate the effectiveness 
of trafficking legislation in countries where such legislation exists because the 
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