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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  results of this study capture arrests and prosecutions as they occur in countries with anti-trafficking legislation. The majority of countries without trafficking legislation are originating countries 30 and current detection and prevention methods result in most arrests occurring in the destination country (UNODC, 2006). Third, like the debates surrounding definitions of human trafficking, issues surrounding the amalgamation of human trafficking and prostitution is strongly evident in the results of this study; expressly, the problematic issue of exploitation and proof of such claims. Law enforcement frequently perceived cases involving brothels and massage parlours as cases of human trafficking rather than illegal immigration. However, law enforcement was rarely able to prove these beliefs, often because the illegal immigrants denied that they were exploited. In other instances, illegal immigrants employed as day-labourers claimed that they had been exploited and law enforcement was unable to prove such claims. In one case that was read for this study, but not coded, illegal immigrants employed at a tree nursery only made claims of exploitation after their demands for higher pay were rejected (“US suit says”, 2007). Fourth, the results of this study regarding country of origin of trafficker and trafficked individual suggest that debates regarding global socioeconomic problems and the likelihood of these economic problems fuelling the sex trade may be slightly unfocused, but economic problems are likely still affecting the human trafficking trade in some medium. Results pertaining to initiation of 30 Countries where trafficked individuals originate. 56

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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results of this study capture arrests and prosecutions as they occur in countries 
with anti-trafficking legislation.  The majority of countries without trafficking 
legislation are originating countries
 and current detection and prevention 
methods result in most arrests occurring in the destination country (UNODC, 
2006).  
Third, like the debates surrounding definitions of human trafficking, issues 
surrounding the amalgamation of human trafficking and prostitution is strongly 
evident in the results of this study; expressly, the problematic issue of 
exploitation and proof of such claims.  Law enforcement frequently perceived 
cases involving brothels and massage parlours as cases of human trafficking 
rather than illegal immigration.  However, law enforcement was rarely able to 
prove these beliefs, often because the illegal immigrants denied that they were 
exploited.  In other instances, illegal immigrants employed as day-labourers 
claimed that they had been exploited and law enforcement was unable to prove 
such claims.  In one case that was read for this study, but not coded, illegal 
immigrants employed at a tree nursery only made claims of exploitation after 
their demands for higher pay were rejected (“US suit says”, 2007).   
Fourth, the results of this study regarding country of origin of trafficker and 
trafficked individual suggest that debates regarding global socioeconomic 
problems and the likelihood of these economic problems fuelling the sex trade 
may be slightly unfocused, but economic problems are likely still affecting the 
human trafficking trade in some medium.  Results pertaining to initiation of 
30
 Countries where trafficked individuals originate.
56


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