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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  transport indicate that individuals are willing to put themselves in danger in order to escape their country of origin for the chance to obtain economic stability in the destination country. Some cases analyzed by this study suggest that females willingly prostitute themselves in the country of destination in order to gain financial security. Research conducted by Bruckert & Parent (2004) further supports this notion. The results of this study also indicate that both males and females are willingly employed in destination countries with less than average pay because the economic stability they gain from these wages outweigh the hardships of their country of origin. Fifth, the homeland security versus human security issue regarding trafficking legislation is extremely evident in the results regarding initiation of transport and the patterns of arrest in destination countries; this theme is particularly problematic in regards to the United Nations and United States published reports that highlight countries involved in human trafficking. United States human trafficking arrest patterns, as analyzed by this study, indicate that human smuggling offences are often documented as human trafficking offences. The results of this study also raise questions regarding the failures of certain bodies of law enforcement that are utilized in the fight against human trafficking. Specifically, the results raise questions regarding whether or not border patrol agents are effective in garnering arrests for human trafficking rather than human smuggling, and problems surrounding the use of vice units to detect sexual exploitation among prostitutes. Also evident in this study is the importance of the media in regards to 57

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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transport indicate that individuals are willing to put themselves in danger in order 
to escape their country of origin for the chance to obtain economic stability in the 
destination country.  Some cases analyzed by this study suggest that females 
willingly prostitute themselves in the country of destination in order to gain 
financial security.  Research conducted by Bruckert & Parent (2004) further 
supports this notion.  The results of this study also indicate that both males and 
females are willingly employed in destination countries with less than average 
pay because the economic stability they gain from these wages outweigh the 
hardships of their country of origin.
Fifth, the homeland security versus human security issue regarding 
trafficking legislation is extremely evident in the results regarding initiation of 
transport and the patterns of arrest in destination countries; this theme is 
particularly problematic in regards to the United Nations and United States 
published reports that highlight countries involved in human trafficking.  United 
States human trafficking arrest patterns, as analyzed by this study, indicate that 
human smuggling offences are often documented as human trafficking offences. 
The results of this study also raise questions regarding the failures of certain 
bodies of law enforcement that are utilized in the fight against human trafficking. 
Specifically, the results raise questions regarding whether or not border patrol 
agents are effective in garnering arrests for human trafficking rather than human 
smuggling, and problems surrounding the use of vice units to detect sexual 
exploitation among prostitutes.
Also evident in this study is the importance of the media in regards to 
57


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