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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  Many in the human trafficking literature (Bertone, 1999; Busza, 2004; Derks, 2000; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999; Kelly, 2003;Murray, 1998; Savona et al., 1996; Wijers 1998) focus on the force/choice dichotomy of individuals involved in prostitution, with a portion regressing (Bertone, 1999; Jeffreys, 1999; Savona et al., 1996) to discussions of the prevalence of human trafficking as a result of patriarchal domination of society. Bertone (1999) contends that the international political economy of sex is maintained by men from industrialized and developed nations, and that “the patriarchal world system hungers for and sustains the international subculture of docile women from underdeveloped nations” (p. 4). While the sentiment that Bertone posits is not a fabrication of the culture and politics of human trafficking, the construction of Bertone’s statement continues the polarization and stereotypical view of men versus women in human trafficking. More specifically, the grammatical structure of Bertone’s statement immediately suggests that the female acts as a “docile” individual in a patriarchal society (p. 4) and thereby further perpetuates the antagonism between men and women. The notion that the demand side of the trade fuels human trafficking is neither surprising nor revolutionary. However, Bertone and others (Busza, 2004; Derks, 2000; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999; Savona et al., 1996; Shannon, 1999; Wijers 1998) fail to recognize the importance of the female human trafficking offender and, more importantly, continue to place blame on the consumer for actions for which he may not be directly related. Although there is a possibility that education of the sex 64

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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Many in the human trafficking literature (Bertone, 1999; Busza, 2004; 
Derks, 2000; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 
1999; Kelly, 2003;Murray, 1998; Savona et al., 1996; Wijers 1998) focus on the 
force/choice dichotomy of individuals involved in prostitution, with a portion 
regressing (Bertone, 1999; Jeffreys, 1999; Savona et al., 1996) to discussions of 
the prevalence of human trafficking as a result of patriarchal domination of 
society.  Bertone (1999) contends that the international political economy of sex 
is maintained by men from industrialized and developed nations, and that “the 
patriarchal world system hungers for and sustains the international subculture of 
docile women from underdeveloped nations” (p. 4).  While the sentiment that 
Bertone posits is not a fabrication of the culture and politics of human trafficking, 
the construction of Bertone’s statement continues the polarization and 
stereotypical view of men versus women in human trafficking.  More specifically, 
the grammatical structure of Bertone’s statement immediately suggests that the 
female acts as a “docile” individual in a patriarchal society (p. 4) and thereby 
further perpetuates the antagonism between men and women.  
The notion that the demand side of the trade fuels human trafficking is 
neither surprising nor revolutionary. However, Bertone and others (Busza, 2004; 
Derks, 2000; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 
1999; Savona et al., 1996; Shannon, 1999; Wijers 1998) fail to recognize the 
importance of the female human trafficking offender and, more importantly, 
continue to place blame on the consumer for actions for which he may not be 
directly related.  Although there is a possibility that education of the sex 
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