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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  trafficking literature, conclusions that do not aptly define all characteristics of the deviant act. The human trafficking literature that strongly focuses on the inequality of women fails to address the growing number of women involved in illicit markets as a direct result of increased equality between men and women. As Fagan suggests, the growth of equality between men and women has resulted in female access to previously male-dominated economies, including illicit ones. Females have shifted from passive to active roles in economies previously controlled by men. This notion is evident in female trafficking offenders who operate in sexually exploitative aspects of the trafficking act without a male counterpart. Fagan’s research on the involvement of women in drug trafficking suggests that women transition from roles of prostitution to active participation in the drug market because of profitability. The profitability of human trafficking provides female offenders an income option that protects them from the exploitation and health risks involved with prostitution. As such, female human traffickers are more likely to sell individuals into prostitution because of self- preservation resulting from the profitability of human trafficking rather than the perceived success of a patriarchal society. Ineffective human trafficking legislation and misuse of law enforcement to detect and combat trafficking offences The current study speaks to issues surrounding human trafficking legislation and the misuse of law enforcement in the prevention, detection and apprehension of individuals involved in the trafficking act. The majority of arrests 68

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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trafficking literature, conclusions that do not aptly define all characteristics of the 
deviant act.  The human trafficking literature that strongly focuses on the 
inequality of women fails to address the growing number of women involved in 
illicit markets as a direct result of increased equality between men and women. 
As Fagan suggests, the growth of equality between men and women has 
resulted in female access to previously male-dominated economies, including 
illicit ones.  
Females have shifted from passive to active roles in economies previously 
controlled by men.  This notion is evident in female trafficking offenders who 
operate in sexually exploitative aspects of the trafficking act without a male 
counterpart.  Fagan’s research on the involvement of women in drug trafficking 
suggests that women transition from roles of prostitution to active participation in 
the drug market because of profitability.  The profitability of human trafficking 
provides female offenders an income option that protects them from the 
exploitation and health risks involved with prostitution.  As such, female human 
traffickers are more likely to sell individuals into prostitution because of self-
preservation resulting from the profitability of human trafficking rather than the 
perceived success of a patriarchal society.
Ineffective human trafficking legislation and misuse of law enforcement to 
detect and combat trafficking offences
The current study speaks to issues surrounding human trafficking 
legislation and the misuse of law enforcement in the prevention, detection and 
apprehension of individuals involved in the trafficking act.  The majority of arrests 
68


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