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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  required to determine the difference between a willing prostitute and a trafficked prostitute. Although some determinations by law enforcement may occur quite easily, based on the condition in which a prostitute is found (e.g. if the individual is found in a house where he or she has been chained), other claims of exploitation may be less clear. An individual working as a prostitute may claim to be exploited in order to obtain victim rather than perpetrator status. Some individuals falsely claim exploitation in order to avoid prosecution, and possible deportation, for a crime in which they willingly participated. If a trafficked individual willingly and knowingly participated in illegal activities in order to secure residency in another country, at what point is it reasonable for law enforcement to question whether this individual is actively and freely engaging in prostitution? Although debates abound (Busza, 2004; Derks, 2000; Doezema, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999; Kelly, 2003; Murray, 1998; Savona et al., 1996; Wijers 1998) regarding whether or not individuals can choose such a profession, it would be a misrepresentation of the sex industry to suggest that every individual is involved against their will. Kelly’s (2003) suggestion that the focus of female participation in prostitution rely not on force but on the perceived ability of an individual from a lower-socioeconomic to travel across continents lends credence to the need for questioning motivations of those involved in prostitution. Although cases of debt-bondage exist, where women are forced to engage in prostitution in order to repay their traffickers, it is possible that cases also exist where a female agrees to actively participate in prostitution in order to 72

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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required to determine the difference between a willing prostitute and a trafficked 
prostitute.  Although some determinations by law enforcement may occur quite 
easily, based on the condition in which a prostitute is found (e.g. if the individual 
is found in a house where he or she has been chained), other claims of 
exploitation may be less clear.  An individual working as a prostitute may claim to 
be exploited in order to obtain victim rather than perpetrator status.  Some 
individuals falsely claim exploitation in order to avoid prosecution, and possible 
deportation, for a crime in which they willingly participated.  If a trafficked 
individual willingly and knowingly participated in illegal activities in order to 
secure residency in another country, at what point is it reasonable for law 
enforcement to question whether this individual is actively and freely engaging in 
prostitution?  Although debates abound (Busza, 2004; Derks, 2000; Doezema, 
1998, 2000, 2002, 2003; Gulcur, 2002; Jeffreys, 1997, 1999; Kelly, 2003; Murray, 
1998; Savona et al., 1996; Wijers 1998) regarding whether or not individuals can 
choose such a profession, it would be a misrepresentation of the sex industry to 
suggest that every individual is involved against their will.  Kelly’s (2003) 
suggestion that the focus of female participation in prostitution rely not on force 
but on the perceived ability of an individual from a lower-socioeconomic to travel 
across continents lends credence to the need for questioning motivations of 
those involved in prostitution.  
Although cases of debt-bondage exist, where women are forced to 
engage in prostitution in order to repay their traffickers, it is possible that cases 
also exist where a female agrees to actively participate in prostitution in order to 

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