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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  rarely involved arrests in the countries appearing in the Tier 1 section of the TVPA. 37 Tier 1 countries are defined by the US State Department as those who have adopted the TVPA and are making significant achievements in ending human trafficking. Tier 1 countries are, in the majority, developed countries that align themselves with the policies of the United States. If Tier 1 countries were making significant steps the expected results of this study would show higher arrest and prosecution rates because of their mere appearance on the list. The notion of expected arrest results is significant because of the perception that the developed world acts as the demand side of the sex industry. It is more likely that the exploitation of trafficked individuals would occur in the nations where the sexual activities are occurring: the developed world. Although this study did involve cases of human trafficking for sexual exploitation that occurred in Spain, Austria, Macedonia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (all Tier 1 countries), arrests did not occur in the majority of the countries on the Tier 1 list for trafficking offences relating to exploitation; the problematic Tier 1 arrest rate is significant because the majority of Tier 1 countries are considered developed. As such, it is reasonable to suggest that the identification of countries with a high propensity for trafficking should not occur as a result of whether or not a country has ratified human trafficking legislation. Such identification methods may be unsuccessful in recognizing countries that are failing to actively suppress incidents of human trafficking. 37 Tier 1 countries are as follows: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Columbia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Spain, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, Italy, Rep. of Korea, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. 78

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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rarely involved arrests in the countries appearing in the Tier 1 section of the 
TVPA.
 Tier 1 countries are defined by the US State Department as those who 
have adopted the TVPA and are making significant achievements in ending 
human trafficking.  Tier 1 countries are, in the majority, developed countries that 
align themselves with the policies of the United States.  If Tier 1 countries were 
making significant steps the expected results of this study would show higher 
arrest and prosecution rates because of their mere appearance on the list. 
The notion of expected arrest results is significant because of the 
perception that the developed world acts as the demand side of the sex industry. 
It is more likely that the exploitation of trafficked individuals would occur in the 
nations where the sexual activities are occurring: the developed world.  Although 
this study did involve cases of human trafficking for sexual exploitation that 
occurred in Spain, Austria, Macedonia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom 
(all Tier 1 countries), arrests did not occur in the majority of the countries on the 
Tier 1 list for trafficking offences relating to exploitation; the problematic Tier 1 
arrest rate is significant because the majority of Tier 1 countries are considered 
developed. As such, it is reasonable to suggest that the identification of countries 
with a high propensity for trafficking should not occur as a result of whether or not 
a country has ratified human trafficking legislation.  Such identification methods 
may be unsuccessful in recognizing countries that are failing to actively suppress 
incidents of human trafficking.
37
  Tier 1 countries are as follows: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Columbia, Croatia, Czech 
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Spain, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, Italy, 
Rep. of Korea, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Netherlands, New Zealand, 
Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
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