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International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions: A Content Analytic Study
Unformatted Document Text:  necessary tools for detection and prevention. The results of this study suggest that combining the factions of human trafficking into one definition and one law proves problematic. Further research comparing human trafficking incidents resulting in arrest with legislation of that particular arresting country may help to address this issue. 2. Countries with anti-trafficking legislation may be failing to detect and arrest cases of human trafficking because immigration departments and vice units are currently the governmental and police branches responsible for combating trafficking at the street and border level. Such units have proven themselves apt at detecting illegal immigration and prostitution, respectively, but have not proven themselves capable of detecting and apprehending individuals involved in human trafficking offences. 3. The fusion of prostitution and human trafficking literature in refining understandings of the human trafficking act is problematic. Levels of sexual exploitation in human trafficking are either less than previously perceived or remain undetected as a direct consequence of the failure of human trafficking legislation and law enforcement. 4. Debates regarding global socioeconomic problems and the likelihood of such economic problems fuelling the sex trade may be unfocused, but economic problems are likely still affecting the human trafficking trade in some medium. The human trafficking literature that focuses on the socioeconomic factors that lead women to prostitution does not effectively address females involved as human traffickers. It is more likely that the economy influences individuals, both male and female, to sell others for profit and self-preservation. It is less likely that the economy forces individuals into the global sex industry as a direct or indirect result of a global patriarchal society. 5. Many of the developed nations arresting individuals for human trafficking related offences are actually apprehending individuals alleged to be involved in smuggling illegal immigrants, not individuals trafficked for exploitative means. This anomaly could be the result of a disproportioned 82

Authors: Denton, Erin.
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necessary tools for detection and prevention.  The results of this study 
suggest that combining the factions of human trafficking into one definition 
and one law proves problematic.  Further research comparing human 
trafficking incidents resulting in arrest with legislation of that particular 
arresting country may help to address this issue.
2. Countries with anti-trafficking legislation may be failing to detect and arrest 
cases of human trafficking because immigration departments and vice 
units are currently the governmental and police branches responsible for 
combating trafficking at the street and border level.  Such units have 
proven themselves apt at detecting illegal immigration and prostitution, 
respectively, but have not proven themselves capable of detecting and 
apprehending individuals involved in human trafficking offences.  
3. The fusion of prostitution and human trafficking literature in refining 
understandings of the human trafficking act is problematic.  Levels of 
sexual exploitation in human trafficking are either less than previously 
perceived or remain undetected as a direct consequence of the failure of 
human trafficking legislation and law enforcement.
4. Debates regarding global socioeconomic problems and the likelihood of 
such economic problems fuelling the sex trade may be unfocused, but 
economic problems are likely still affecting the human trafficking trade in 
some medium.  The human trafficking literature that focuses on the 
socioeconomic factors that lead women to prostitution does not effectively 
address females involved as human traffickers.  It is more likely that the 
economy influences individuals, both male and female, to sell others for 
profit and self-preservation.  It is less likely that the economy forces 
individuals into the global sex industry as a direct or indirect result of a 
global patriarchal society.
5. Many of the developed nations arresting individuals for human trafficking 
related offences are actually apprehending individuals alleged to be 
involved in smuggling illegal immigrants, not individuals trafficked for 
exploitative means. This anomaly could be the result of a disproportioned 

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