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Do Community Gardens Reduce Violent Crime?

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Abstract:

Do community gardens reduce neighborhood violent crime rates? We hypothesize that community gardens reduce neighborhood violent crime by increasing collective efficacy (Sampson et al., 1997). We examine the effect of community gardens on rates of homicide, robbery, and aggravated assault with data from 450 census block groups in St. Louis over the period 1990-2004. The results of random effects panel models show that robbery, but not homicide or aggravated assault fell at a greater rate in block groups with community gardens than in other areas, controlling for concentrated disadvantage, residential instability, and other predictors shown in prior research to influence neighborhood violent crime rates. The results offer some indication that programs and policies aimed at reducing crime through collective action should look to community gardening.
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372667_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Shamow, Allen., Rosenfeld, Richard. and Stewart, Eric. "Do Community Gardens Reduce Violent Crime?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2013-12-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372667_index.html>

APA Citation:

Shamow, A. , Rosenfeld, R. and Stewart, E. , 2009-11-04 "Do Community Gardens Reduce Violent Crime?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2013-12-29 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372667_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Do community gardens reduce neighborhood violent crime rates? We hypothesize that community gardens reduce neighborhood violent crime by increasing collective efficacy (Sampson et al., 1997). We examine the effect of community gardens on rates of homicide, robbery, and aggravated assault with data from 450 census block groups in St. Louis over the period 1990-2004. The results of random effects panel models show that robbery, but not homicide or aggravated assault fell at a greater rate in block groups with community gardens than in other areas, controlling for concentrated disadvantage, residential instability, and other predictors shown in prior research to influence neighborhood violent crime rates. The results offer some indication that programs and policies aimed at reducing crime through collective action should look to community gardening.

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