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Incarceration and Divorce: The Effect of Time

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Abstract:

In this paper we re-examine the relationship between incarceration and divorce. In explaining the relationship between incarceration and divorce, prior research attributes the high rate of divorce to the stigma and exposure associated with incarceration. We contend that because incarceration occurs within the context of shared history among partners, the stigma hypothesis put forth by prior research is incomplete. We instead emphasize a different mechanism in the study of incarceration and divorce: time away. More specifically, we hypothesize that physical separation from spouses and families will be more consequential in explaining divorce among incarcerated men than stigma. Deployed military men serve as a comparison group in our analyses to test the effect of time away on a non-stigmatized population. Using the NLSY79, preliminary results indicate that time spent away from partners is a strong predictor of divorce. Moreover, our results suggest that incarceration specifically is not adverse for marriage; rather it is the time away from one’s significant other that increases the likelihood of divorce. The theoretical implications of this finding for family functioning and understanding the consequences of incarceration are discussed.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372901_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Remster, Brianna., Massoglia, Michael. and King, Ryan. "Incarceration and Divorce: The Effect of Time" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 03, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372901_index.html>

APA Citation:

Remster, B. , Massoglia, M. and King, R. D. , 2009-11-03 "Incarceration and Divorce: The Effect of Time" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372901_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this paper we re-examine the relationship between incarceration and divorce. In explaining the relationship between incarceration and divorce, prior research attributes the high rate of divorce to the stigma and exposure associated with incarceration. We contend that because incarceration occurs within the context of shared history among partners, the stigma hypothesis put forth by prior research is incomplete. We instead emphasize a different mechanism in the study of incarceration and divorce: time away. More specifically, we hypothesize that physical separation from spouses and families will be more consequential in explaining divorce among incarcerated men than stigma. Deployed military men serve as a comparison group in our analyses to test the effect of time away on a non-stigmatized population. Using the NLSY79, preliminary results indicate that time spent away from partners is a strong predictor of divorce. Moreover, our results suggest that incarceration specifically is not adverse for marriage; rather it is the time away from one’s significant other that increases the likelihood of divorce. The theoretical implications of this finding for family functioning and understanding the consequences of incarceration are discussed.


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