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Bullying in Switzerland
Unformatted Document Text:  Bullying in Switzerland Sonia Lucia, Institute of Criminology and Penal Law, University of Lausanne Bullying is the intentional, repetitive or persistent hurting of one pupil by another (or several), where the relationship involves an imbalance of power. The act can be verbal, physical and/or psychological harassment. Although bullying in schools is not a new phenomenon, little research on this subject has been carried out in Switzerland. The literature shows that the consequences on the victims are serious. Moreover, the authors of bullying commit more delinquent acts. The present study analyses bullying in Swiss secondary schools and establishes the variables most strongly related to bullying. Youths with a low level of self-control and adopting a positive attitude towards violence are more likely to bully others. The importance of environmental variables is also shown: the risks of a youth committing bullying decrease when supervision and monitoring by adults are strong, and when the authorities (school, neighbourhood) exercise social control by making the rules to be respected and by intervening in an impartial way. The use of multilevel analyses permitted to show the existence of effects of the school on bullying. The relative importance of different school-related factors is discussed.

Authors: Lucia, Sonia.
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Bullying in Switzerland
Sonia Lucia, Institute of Criminology and Penal Law, University of Lausanne
Bullying is the intentional, repetitive or persistent hurting of one pupil by another (or several), 
where the relationship involves an imbalance of power. The act can be verbal, physical and/or 
psychological   harassment.   Although   bullying   in   schools   is   not   a   new   phenomenon,   little 
research on this subject has been carried out in Switzerland. The literature shows that the 
consequences on the victims are serious. Moreover, the authors of bullying commit more 
delinquent acts.
The present study analyses bullying in Swiss secondary schools and establishes the variables 
most strongly related to bullying. Youths with a low level of self-control and adopting a 
positive   attitude   towards   violence   are   more   likely   to   bully   others.   The   importance   of 
environmental variables is also shown: the risks of a youth committing bullying decrease 
when supervision and monitoring  by adults  are strong, and when the authorities  (school, 
neighbourhood) exercise social control by making the rules to be respected and by intervening 
in an impartial way. The use of multilevel analyses permitted to show the existence of effects 
of   the   school   on   bullying.   The   relative   importance   of   different   school-related   factors   is 

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