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Mitigating Economic Risk: The Role of Pro-Social Ties

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Abstract:

Rising incarceration rates since the 1970s are a critical component of the social disadvantage facing urban communities. The incarcerated population is predominantly young, male, nonwhite, urban, and poor, with attenuated human and social capital. However, most urban males avoid incarceration, even in the face of these risks. Social control theories suggest that regardless of their economic circumstances, would-be offenders avoid incarceration through prosocial ties such as strong families and consistent employment. I examine the extent to which these bonds divert men from crime.

Using a longitudinal survey of urban parents, I examine more than 2,000 fathers, predominantly young, minority and economically disadvantaged, interviewed four times from 1998 to 2006. Nearly half have been incarcerated. Using a series of logistic regression models, I estimate the extent to which low-earning men are at elevated risk of incarceration, and identify the effects of social bonds (family stability and labor market attachment) in mitigating this risk over time. Preliminary results suggest that family and the workplace are influential factors in explaining the risk of incarceration among disadvantaged and minority men. Considering family bonds and labor force attachment eliminates the relationship between earnings and incarceration risk, and reduces racial disparities in incarceration prevalence.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373126_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Geller, Amanda. "Mitigating Economic Risk: The Role of Pro-Social Ties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373126_index.html>

APA Citation:

Geller, A. , 2009-11-04 "Mitigating Economic Risk: The Role of Pro-Social Ties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373126_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Rising incarceration rates since the 1970s are a critical component of the social disadvantage facing urban communities. The incarcerated population is predominantly young, male, nonwhite, urban, and poor, with attenuated human and social capital. However, most urban males avoid incarceration, even in the face of these risks. Social control theories suggest that regardless of their economic circumstances, would-be offenders avoid incarceration through prosocial ties such as strong families and consistent employment. I examine the extent to which these bonds divert men from crime.

Using a longitudinal survey of urban parents, I examine more than 2,000 fathers, predominantly young, minority and economically disadvantaged, interviewed four times from 1998 to 2006. Nearly half have been incarcerated. Using a series of logistic regression models, I estimate the extent to which low-earning men are at elevated risk of incarceration, and identify the effects of social bonds (family stability and labor market attachment) in mitigating this risk over time. Preliminary results suggest that family and the workplace are influential factors in explaining the risk of incarceration among disadvantaged and minority men. Considering family bonds and labor force attachment eliminates the relationship between earnings and incarceration risk, and reduces racial disparities in incarceration prevalence.


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