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Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy: An Exploration of Characteristics that Distinguish Abstainers from Offenders

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Abstract:

Moffitt’s taxonomy focuses on two groups of delinquents, adolescent-limited and life-course persistent offenders; however, she also allows for the existence of a small group of adolescents who abstain from all forms of delinquency. She argues these youths abstain because they do not experience a “maturity gap” in adolescence, they lack opportunities to interact with antisocial youth, or they have personality characteristics that isolate them from peers. The limited research examining Moffitt’s abstainers has not fully supported this explanation. These studies suggest that youth fail to engage in delinquency because of limited interactions with delinquent peers or strong pro-social orientations. Most of this work, however, fails to follow youth through adulthood or lacks adequate measures of many of the negative social, personality, structural, and biological characteristics that Moffitt argues should distinguish offenders from non-offenders. Using data from the Collaborative Perinatal Project and Pathways to Adulthood Study, we examine whether personality traits are associated with abstention or if positive social factors are more important. We extend prior research by measuring offending through early adulthood, using trained observer reports of childhood personality characteristics, and controlling for youth neuropsychological impairment.
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373140_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Owens, Jennifer. and Slocum, Lee. "Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy: An Exploration of Characteristics that Distinguish Abstainers from Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 03, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373140_index.html>

APA Citation:

Owens, J. and Slocum, L. A. , 2009-11-03 "Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy: An Exploration of Characteristics that Distinguish Abstainers from Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373140_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Moffitt’s taxonomy focuses on two groups of delinquents, adolescent-limited and life-course persistent offenders; however, she also allows for the existence of a small group of adolescents who abstain from all forms of delinquency. She argues these youths abstain because they do not experience a “maturity gap” in adolescence, they lack opportunities to interact with antisocial youth, or they have personality characteristics that isolate them from peers. The limited research examining Moffitt’s abstainers has not fully supported this explanation. These studies suggest that youth fail to engage in delinquency because of limited interactions with delinquent peers or strong pro-social orientations. Most of this work, however, fails to follow youth through adulthood or lacks adequate measures of many of the negative social, personality, structural, and biological characteristics that Moffitt argues should distinguish offenders from non-offenders. Using data from the Collaborative Perinatal Project and Pathways to Adulthood Study, we examine whether personality traits are associated with abstention or if positive social factors are more important. We extend prior research by measuring offending through early adulthood, using trained observer reports of childhood personality characteristics, and controlling for youth neuropsychological impairment.


Similar Titles:
On the Evolutionary Origins of Life-Course Persistent Offending: A Theoretical Scaffold for Moffitt's Developmental Taxonomy

Co-offending and Criminal Careers: A Test of Moffitt's Dual Taxonomy

Exploring the Effect of Sociodemographic Characteristics on Perceptions of Procedural Justice among Domestic Violence Offenders

Exploring the Links Between a Female Offender Taxonomy and Pathways Theory


 
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