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Imprisoned Imperceptions: Inaccuracy in Incarceration Demographic Stereotypes
Unformatted Document Text:  Incarceration Beliefs Table 1 Estimates of incarceration demographics by perceiver characteristics Perceivers Target Group Whites (n = 188) Men (n = 201) Women (n = 144 Latinos (n = 40) Blacks (n = 57) H. S. Graduates (n=336) Whites -6.34 -5.4 -5.2 -4.05 † -4.40 † -5.56 Men -14.56 -14.4 -17.8 -16.93 -20.76 -15.33 Women 14.56 14.4 17.8 16.93 20.76 15.33 Latinos 7.55 8.88 9.8 12.83 15 9.17 Blacks 9.36 9.47 4.7 6.23 † 10.02 7.35 H. S. Graduates -23.31 -24.59 -24.82 -24.02 -27.04 -24.83 Mentally Ill 14.99 16.77 17.44 16.95 16.18 16.99 This table presents data indicating the extent to which respondents from various demographic backgrounds (the columns) over- or underestimated the proportion of the target group (rows) who are in prison. Negative values indicate an underestimate of the proportion of the group in the prison population; positive values indicate an overestimate of the proportion of the group in the prison population. For example, the upper leftmost entry indicates that Whites underestimated the proportion of imprisoned Whites by 6.34%. All discrepancies are significant unless marked by ( †). 33

Authors: Ragusa, Laura.
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Incarceration Beliefs
Table 1
Estimates of incarceration demographics by perceiver characteristics
Perceivers
Target Group
Whites 
(n = 188)
Men 
(n = 201)
Women 
(n = 144
Latinos 
(n = 40)
Blacks 
(n = 57)
H. S. 
Graduates 
(n=336)
Whites
-6.34
-5.4
-5.2
-4.05
-4.40
-5.56
Men
-14.56
-14.4
-17.8
-16.93
-20.76
-15.33
Women
14.56
14.4
17.8
16.93
20.76
15.33
Latinos
7.55
8.88
9.8
12.83
15
9.17
Blacks
9.36
9.47
4.7
6.23
10.02
7.35
H. S. Graduates
-23.31
-24.59
-24.82
-24.02
-27.04
-24.83
Mentally Ill
14.99
16.77
17.44
16.95
16.18
16.99
This table presents data indicating the extent to which respondents from various demographic 
backgrounds (the columns) over- or underestimated the proportion of the target group (rows) who are 
in prison.  Negative values indicate an underestimate of the proportion of the group in the prison 
population; positive values indicate an overestimate of the proportion of the group in the prison 
population. For example, the upper leftmost entry indicates that Whites underestimated the 
proportion of imprisoned Whites by 6.34%.  All discrepancies are significant unless marked by (
†). 
33


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