All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Imprisoned Imperceptions: Inaccuracy in Incarceration Demographic Stereotypes
Unformatted Document Text:  Incarceration Beliefs Table 3 Absolute discrepancies between the estimated and actual proportions for prison population Social Groups Actual Estimate Absolute Discrepancy df t Female 7 22.79 16.88(14.95) 335 20.70*** High School Graduate 56 31.32 27.43(15.72) 340 32.22*** Mentally Ill 15 32.05 21.91(19.13) 334 20.97*** White 35 29.68 14.65(10.57) 340 25.59*** Black 40 47.39 17.30(12.81) 340 24.93*** Latino 14 23.36 12.66(12.05) 342 19.46*** ***p<.001 Column 1 presents the individual social groups. Column 2 presents the actual proportion of the social group in the U.S. prison population. Column 3 presents participants’ average estimates of these proportions. This measure is simply the numerical average of each participant’s estimate of that social group’s proportion in the population. This is the overall average of the sample estimates, and, therefore, represents the consensual stereotype. Column 4 presents the absolute discrepancy score which is the absolute value of the difference between the the estimated proportion and the actual proportion. This value represents another way to assess accuracy at the group level. Column 5 presents degrees of freedom from the single sample t-tests performed on the absolute discrepancy scores, and column 6 presents the results of that analysis. 35

Authors: Ragusa, Laura.
first   previous   Page 35 of 38   next   last



background image
Incarceration Beliefs
Table 3
Absolute discrepancies between the estimated and actual proportions for prison population 
Social Groups
Actual
Estimate
Absolute 
Discrepancy
df
t
Female
7
22.79
16.88(14.95)
335
20.70***
High School Graduate
56
31.32
27.43(15.72)
340
32.22***
Mentally Ill
15
32.05
21.91(19.13)
334
20.97***
White
35
29.68
14.65(10.57)
340
25.59***
Black
40
47.39
17.30(12.81)
340
24.93***
Latino
14
23.36
12.66(12.05)
342
19.46***
***p<.001
Column 1 presents the individual social groups. Column 2 presents the actual proportion of the social 
group in the U.S. prison population. Column 3 presents participants’ average estimates of these 
proportions. This measure is simply the numerical average of each participant’s estimate of that 
social group’s proportion in the population.  This is the overall average of the sample estimates, and, 
therefore, represents the consensual stereotype.  Column 4 presents the absolute discrepancy score 
which is the absolute value of the difference between the the estimated proportion and the actual 
proportion.  This value represents another way to assess accuracy at the group level. Column 5 
presents degrees of freedom from the single sample t-tests performed on the absolute discrepancy 
scores, and column 6 presents the results of that analysis.
35


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 35 of 38   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.