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Impulsivity, Social Environment and Delinquency: How Environmental Factors Mediate Individual Traits and Criminal Behavior

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Abstract:

Individual trait theory suggests that constraint regulates impulsive behavior, while self-control theory suggests that self-control governs pleasurable behavior. Delinquency results from impulsive behavior or pleasure-seeking going uncontrolled. Caspi et al. (1994) collaborated on a study based on individual trait theory, focusing on three “super traits” which contribute to delinquency: constraint (traditionalism, harm avoidance and rational control), negative emotionality, and positive emotionality. Delinquent youths were less likely to be traditional/conventional or controlled/cautious and more likely to behave aggressively for their own advantage. In other words, delinquent youth were more likely to be rebellious, impulsive and antagonistic. How do environmental factors mediate individual traits that translate into criminal behavior? The family, through environment and biology, may be the primary mechanism for developing impulsive behavior, but why do some impulsive youths end up as delinquent while others do not? Bringing sociology back into the picture painted by individual trait theory, it seems that youths growing up in the social disorganization of the inner-city with blocked opportunities for diagnosis and necessary educational supports and fewer economic or educational resources may not receive psychiatric or educational interventions. How is the link between impulsivity and delinquency mediated by differing access to appropriate pre-delinquency interventions?
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373721_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Diamond-Román, Paula. "Impulsivity, Social Environment and Delinquency: How Environmental Factors Mediate Individual Traits and Criminal Behavior" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373721_index.html>

APA Citation:

Diamond-Román, P. M. , 2009-11-04 "Impulsivity, Social Environment and Delinquency: How Environmental Factors Mediate Individual Traits and Criminal Behavior" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p373721_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Individual trait theory suggests that constraint regulates impulsive behavior, while self-control theory suggests that self-control governs pleasurable behavior. Delinquency results from impulsive behavior or pleasure-seeking going uncontrolled. Caspi et al. (1994) collaborated on a study based on individual trait theory, focusing on three “super traits” which contribute to delinquency: constraint (traditionalism, harm avoidance and rational control), negative emotionality, and positive emotionality. Delinquent youths were less likely to be traditional/conventional or controlled/cautious and more likely to behave aggressively for their own advantage. In other words, delinquent youth were more likely to be rebellious, impulsive and antagonistic. How do environmental factors mediate individual traits that translate into criminal behavior? The family, through environment and biology, may be the primary mechanism for developing impulsive behavior, but why do some impulsive youths end up as delinquent while others do not? Bringing sociology back into the picture painted by individual trait theory, it seems that youths growing up in the social disorganization of the inner-city with blocked opportunities for diagnosis and necessary educational supports and fewer economic or educational resources may not receive psychiatric or educational interventions. How is the link between impulsivity and delinquency mediated by differing access to appropriate pre-delinquency interventions?


Similar Titles:
Does School Setting Mediate the Relationship Between Individual-Level Family and Peer Factors and Delinquency.

Kinds of Legitimacy: How They Mediate the Relation Between Personality Traits and Delinquent Behaviors

The Role of Individual Propensity and Social Factors in Trajectories of Adolescent Antisocial Behavior


 
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