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Impact of Housing Relocation Initiatives on Community Violence Levels

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Abstract:

Prior research finds that persons residing in disadvantaged communities are subject to greater violence risks, both as perpetrators and victims, and individual risk factors are aggravated in disadvantaged neighborhoods to produce higher levels of violence than expected from individual attributes alone. Ill effects of community disadvantage are especially pronounced in neighborhoods where disadvantage is multifaceted and distributed widely among residents—features that often characterize large public housing communities providing subsidized housing for low-income households. Partly in an effort to ameliorate the effects of concentrated disadvantage, large-scale initiatives beginning in the 1990s relocated households out of older, high-density public housing communities. We assess the effects in one city of a nearly 50% reduction in available public housing units on community measures of violence derived from police reports, 911 calls, and hospital emergency department records. Multivariate estimation methods for panel data are applied to spatial/time-series data to estimate the effects of reductions in public housing residents on neighborhood violence levels, focusing especially on impacts in communities that border high density public housing and other likely destination communities. The analysis looks for differential impacts between moves out of public housing targeted for redevelopment and population mobility from remaining public housing communities.
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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MLA Citation:

Cohen, Jacqueline. and Gorr, Wilpen. "Impact of Housing Relocation Initiatives on Community Violence Levels" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p376723_index.html>

APA Citation:

Cohen, J. and Gorr, W. , 2009-11-04 "Impact of Housing Relocation Initiatives on Community Violence Levels" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p376723_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Prior research finds that persons residing in disadvantaged communities are subject to greater violence risks, both as perpetrators and victims, and individual risk factors are aggravated in disadvantaged neighborhoods to produce higher levels of violence than expected from individual attributes alone. Ill effects of community disadvantage are especially pronounced in neighborhoods where disadvantage is multifaceted and distributed widely among residents—features that often characterize large public housing communities providing subsidized housing for low-income households. Partly in an effort to ameliorate the effects of concentrated disadvantage, large-scale initiatives beginning in the 1990s relocated households out of older, high-density public housing communities. We assess the effects in one city of a nearly 50% reduction in available public housing units on community measures of violence derived from police reports, 911 calls, and hospital emergency department records. Multivariate estimation methods for panel data are applied to spatial/time-series data to estimate the effects of reductions in public housing residents on neighborhood violence levels, focusing especially on impacts in communities that border high density public housing and other likely destination communities. The analysis looks for differential impacts between moves out of public housing targeted for redevelopment and population mobility from remaining public housing communities.


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Violence in a Rural Context: The Impact of Civic Community on Violence from a Longitudinal Approach


 
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