Citation

Incarceration Effects on Adolescent Males’ Affective and Anxiety Problems: A Trajectory and Propensity Matching Analysis

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Abstract:

Research indicates that youth within the criminal justice system report higher rates of mental health problems than their peers. However, we previously reported that arrested and non-arrested adolescent males did not differ significantly in pre-arrest levels of affective and anxiety problems. The purpose of the present study was to determine if first incarceration increased affective and anxiety problems among adolescents. We examined heterogeneous trajectories of affective and anxiety problems for 510 boys from ages 11 to 14. Then we matched treatment (first incarcerated at age 15) and control (no official arrest or incarceration during adolescence) boys within each trajectory group using a propensity score matching algorithm. Matches were found for 37 pairs within the affective problem trajectory groups and 34 pairs for anxiety problems. There were no significant differences in levels of affective or anxiety problems at age 16 between the incarcerated and control groups. Additional analyses indicated that only incarcerated youth who were interviewed in jail at age 16 exhibited statistically non-significant but elevated levels of anxiety than controls. Although speculative, the results suggest that the higher rates of internalizing problems found among detained or incarcerated youth may be due to their being interviewed while in an aversive environment.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p379057_index.html
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MLA Citation:

White, Helene., Shi, Jing., Mun, Eun Young., Hirschfield, Paul. and Loeber, Rolf. "Incarceration Effects on Adolescent Males’ Affective and Anxiety Problems: A Trajectory and Propensity Matching Analysis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 03, 2009 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p379057_index.html>

APA Citation:

White, H. R., Shi, J. , Mun, E. , Hirschfield, P. and Loeber, R. , 2009-11-03 "Incarceration Effects on Adolescent Males’ Affective and Anxiety Problems: A Trajectory and Propensity Matching Analysis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p379057_index.html

Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Research indicates that youth within the criminal justice system report higher rates of mental health problems than their peers. However, we previously reported that arrested and non-arrested adolescent males did not differ significantly in pre-arrest levels of affective and anxiety problems. The purpose of the present study was to determine if first incarceration increased affective and anxiety problems among adolescents. We examined heterogeneous trajectories of affective and anxiety problems for 510 boys from ages 11 to 14. Then we matched treatment (first incarcerated at age 15) and control (no official arrest or incarceration during adolescence) boys within each trajectory group using a propensity score matching algorithm. Matches were found for 37 pairs within the affective problem trajectory groups and 34 pairs for anxiety problems. There were no significant differences in levels of affective or anxiety problems at age 16 between the incarcerated and control groups. Additional analyses indicated that only incarcerated youth who were interviewed in jail at age 16 exhibited statistically non-significant but elevated levels of anxiety than controls. Although speculative, the results suggest that the higher rates of internalizing problems found among detained or incarcerated youth may be due to their being interviewed while in an aversive environment.


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Adolescent At-Risk Behaviors: A Multi-Level Analysis of Family, Neighborhood and School Factors Affecting Adolescent Behavioral Outcomes

Affective Antecedents of the Perceived Effectiveness of Antidrug Advertisements: An Analysis of Adolescents’ Momentary and Retrospective Evaluations

The Associations between Arrest and Affective Problems among Male Adolescents

Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Parent-Adolescent Support on Adolescent Problem Behavior in Single Mother Families


 
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