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Party Voting in the US Federal System: Does the National Political Context Matter for State Level Elections?

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Abstract:

Numerous studies of American politics have looked at split-ticket voting and its potential consequence, divided government. The bulk of these studies have either focused on the national government (Campbell1997; Fiorina 1996) or state governments (Chubb 1988; Fiorina 1996). In both of these instances, there is some evidence that voters tend to make electoral choices with the current political context in mind. For example, the party of the president is an important indicator of party voting in the House of Representatives. This paper explores whether macro-level party voting is impacted by the federal system. Is there a relationship between state level party voting and the national political context? Can we observe evidence of electoral policy balancing in the US federal system? I seek to answer these questions by looking at the way that political parties fare in gubernatorial, senatorial and presidential elections under different state and national conditions. These questions will help us to further test the theoretical models of policy balancing (Fiorina 1996), the theory of Surge and Decline (Campbell 1997) and the performance model (Tufte 1975).

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elect (180), state (144), parti (144), balanc (121), vote (93), polici (91), voter (91), level (87), presidenti (83), nation (80), govern (72), presid (63), polit (61), may (58), feder (51), midterm (51), democrat (51), gubernatori (46), theori (43), us (41), differ (38),
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Name: Southern Political Science Association
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http://www.spsa.net


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p396209_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Javian, Katharine. "Party Voting in the US Federal System: Does the National Political Context Matter for State Level Elections?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Crowne Plaza Hotel Ravinia, Atlanta, Georgia, Jan 06, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p396209_index.html>

APA Citation:

Javian, K. S. , 2010-01-06 "Party Voting in the US Federal System: Does the National Political Context Matter for State Level Elections?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Crowne Plaza Hotel Ravinia, Atlanta, Georgia Online <PDF>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p396209_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Numerous studies of American politics have looked at split-ticket voting and its potential consequence, divided government. The bulk of these studies have either focused on the national government (Campbell1997; Fiorina 1996) or state governments (Chubb 1988; Fiorina 1996). In both of these instances, there is some evidence that voters tend to make electoral choices with the current political context in mind. For example, the party of the president is an important indicator of party voting in the House of Representatives. This paper explores whether macro-level party voting is impacted by the federal system. Is there a relationship between state level party voting and the national political context? Can we observe evidence of electoral policy balancing in the US federal system? I seek to answer these questions by looking at the way that political parties fare in gubernatorial, senatorial and presidential elections under different state and national conditions. These questions will help us to further test the theoretical models of policy balancing (Fiorina 1996), the theory of Surge and Decline (Campbell 1997) and the performance model (Tufte 1975).


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