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Long-term benefits of eye-closure on eyewitness memory in free report and direct questioning

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Abstract:

Recent research suggests that closing one’s eyes during an interview may enhance eyewitness memory for emotionally neutral events. The present studies extended this research by assessing memory for a violent event, by introducing a delayed recall session, and by comparing free and cued recall. We found eye-closure to enhance memory for visual information in immediate direct questioning and in delayed free and cued recall, but not in immediate free report. Unfortunately, we also found a small but significant increase in the report of false information in delayed free report, which urges caution in the use of eye-closure in forensic interviews.
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Association:
Name: American Psychology - Law Society
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http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398527_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Vredeveldt, Annelies., Hitch, Graham. and Baddeley, Alan. "Long-term benefits of eye-closure on eyewitness memory in free report and direct questioning" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Mar 18, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398527_index.html>

APA Citation:

Vredeveldt, A. , Hitch, G. J. and Baddeley, A. D. , 2010-03-18 "Long-term benefits of eye-closure on eyewitness memory in free report and direct questioning" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398527_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recent research suggests that closing one’s eyes during an interview may enhance eyewitness memory for emotionally neutral events. The present studies extended this research by assessing memory for a violent event, by introducing a delayed recall session, and by comparing free and cued recall. We found eye-closure to enhance memory for visual information in immediate direct questioning and in delayed free and cued recall, but not in immediate free report. Unfortunately, we also found a small but significant increase in the report of false information in delayed free report, which urges caution in the use of eye-closure in forensic interviews.


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Memory report difficulty, identification confidence, and retrospective reports of memory conditions: An eyewitness ease-of-retrieval effect


 
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