Citation

Understanding the processes behind the Appearance Change Instruction

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Abstract:

Only one study has evaluated the utility of the appearance change instruction (ACI; Charman & Wells, 2007). This study found that the ACI actually harms eyewitness performance in lineups such that false identifications are increased without any increase in correct identifications compared to those eyewitnesses who do not receive the ACI. The authors proposed two theories that may explain these findings; an alteration of ecphoric similarity through “mental mutation” or a decision criterion shift. This proposal will report on results of one within a series of studies designed to evaluate the cognitive mechanisms through which the ACI influences eyewitness decisions.
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Association:
Name: American Psychology - Law Society
URL:
http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398648_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kieckhaefer, Jenna., Cahill, Brian. and Ross, Stephen. "Understanding the processes behind the Appearance Change Instruction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Mar 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398648_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kieckhaefer, J. M., Cahill, B. S. and Ross, S. J. , 2010-03-17 "Understanding the processes behind the Appearance Change Instruction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398648_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Only one study has evaluated the utility of the appearance change instruction (ACI; Charman & Wells, 2007). This study found that the ACI actually harms eyewitness performance in lineups such that false identifications are increased without any increase in correct identifications compared to those eyewitnesses who do not receive the ACI. The authors proposed two theories that may explain these findings; an alteration of ecphoric similarity through “mental mutation” or a decision criterion shift. This proposal will report on results of one within a series of studies designed to evaluate the cognitive mechanisms through which the ACI influences eyewitness decisions.


Similar Titles:
The effects of the Appearance Change Instruction on decision criterion and familiarity-based responding: A dual process signal detection theory evaluation

To Change an Army: Understanding Transformation and the Proper Process of Change Required for a Professional Public Organization in a Democratic Society

Eyewitness Decision-making: Examining the relative influence of the “appearance change instruction”, unbiased instructions, and sequential presentation on response criterion

Are Appearance-change Instruction Effects on Eyewitness Accuracy Moderated by Amount of Appearance Change?


 
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