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Phenotypic Boldness, Psychopathy, and Affective Modulation of the Startle Blink Reflex

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Abstract:

The boldness component of the triarchic model of psychopathy is hypothesized to arise from a relatively fearless temperament. Boldness exhibits moderate overlap with the Interpersonal facet of PCL-R Factor 1, which has also previously been linked to deficits in fear reactivity. In the present study (N=145 incarcerated adult male offenders), we found that a newly-developed interview measure of the boldness construct was related to diminished startle reflex potentiation during aversive images in a picture-viewing task, suggesting a reduced fear response; furthermore, regression analyses indicated that this relationship accounted for the observed zero-order correlations between PCL-R psychopathy and startle modulation.
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Association:
Name: American Psychology - Law Society
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http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399284_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Hall, Jason., Bernat, Edward. and Patrick, Christopher. "Phenotypic Boldness, Psychopathy, and Affective Modulation of the Startle Blink Reflex" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399284_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hall, J. R., Bernat, E. M. and Patrick, C. J. "Phenotypic Boldness, Psychopathy, and Affective Modulation of the Startle Blink Reflex" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399284_index.html

Publication Type: Symposium Paper
Abstract: The boldness component of the triarchic model of psychopathy is hypothesized to arise from a relatively fearless temperament. Boldness exhibits moderate overlap with the Interpersonal facet of PCL-R Factor 1, which has also previously been linked to deficits in fear reactivity. In the present study (N=145 incarcerated adult male offenders), we found that a newly-developed interview measure of the boldness construct was related to diminished startle reflex potentiation during aversive images in a picture-viewing task, suggesting a reduced fear response; furthermore, regression analyses indicated that this relationship accounted for the observed zero-order correlations between PCL-R psychopathy and startle modulation.


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