Citation

Regional Reform and Territorialization of Party Systems

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Abstract:

Recent findings in the party system literature present us with puzzling results. For example Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) find denationalizing trends in countries which have undergone significant regional reform (e.g. UK and Italy). This is according to expectations as the relative power of each level of government in a country is often considered as a key institutional variable capable of influencing electorates and party strategies (Hough and Jeffery 2006). However, France, Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain have all experienced significant downward relocation of authority in recent decades (Marks, Hooghe and Schakel 2008) yet for none of these countries do Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) report significant denationalizing trends in the party system.
I argue that this contradiction might be explained by the exclusion of regional parliaments in Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) who focus on the national level. When regional reform is initiated by national parliament (e.g. UK and Italy) one may find a trend of homogenization of party systems coinciding with a decentralization trend. However, when regional reform finds its origin in regional parliaments (e.g. Spain) one may expect few implications for national party systems but significant effects for regional party systems.
These hypotheses are empirically tested using a cross-section-time-series (15 countries for 1950-2006) dataset which includes two levels of analysis, i.e. national and regional party systems, and has the Regional Authority Index―which measures regional reform over eight dimensions annually (Hooghe, Marks and Schakel 2008)―as its main independent variable.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

region (255), parti (220), elect (188), nation (172), vote (148), level (90), countri (70), territori (69), system (68), differ (62), share (57), polit (49), constitu (48), -2009 (47), 1 (43), aggreg (42), measur (41), heterogen (41), elector (38), 1945 (38), institut (35),
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Association:
Name: Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies
URL:
http://www.ces.columbia.edu


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399719_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Schakel, Arjan. "Regional Reform and Territorialization of Party Systems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, Apr 15, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399719_index.html>

APA Citation:

Schakel, A. , 2010-04-15 "Regional Reform and Territorialization of Party Systems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399719_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recent findings in the party system literature present us with puzzling results. For example Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) find denationalizing trends in countries which have undergone significant regional reform (e.g. UK and Italy). This is according to expectations as the relative power of each level of government in a country is often considered as a key institutional variable capable of influencing electorates and party strategies (Hough and Jeffery 2006). However, France, Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain have all experienced significant downward relocation of authority in recent decades (Marks, Hooghe and Schakel 2008) yet for none of these countries do Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) report significant denationalizing trends in the party system.
I argue that this contradiction might be explained by the exclusion of regional parliaments in Caramani (2004) and Chhibber and Kollman (2004) who focus on the national level. When regional reform is initiated by national parliament (e.g. UK and Italy) one may find a trend of homogenization of party systems coinciding with a decentralization trend. However, when regional reform finds its origin in regional parliaments (e.g. Spain) one may expect few implications for national party systems but significant effects for regional party systems.
These hypotheses are empirically tested using a cross-section-time-series (15 countries for 1950-2006) dataset which includes two levels of analysis, i.e. national and regional party systems, and has the Regional Authority Index―which measures regional reform over eight dimensions annually (Hooghe, Marks and Schakel 2008)―as its main independent variable.


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Volatility in multilevel party systems: Uniform responses across the territory for regional and national elections in 18 countries


 
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