Citation

Reorganizing Interests in Latin America in the Age of Neoliberal Reform

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Abstract:

This paper will directly engage the question, “How have the ways in which interests are represented been reorganized in the wake of neo-liberal globalization” in the context of four major Latin American countries – Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico – that experienced such a fundamental economic transformation in the past quarter century. It subscribes to the view that “globalization and neoliberalism have disorganized older systems of representation” – particularly those based on state corporatism, but also concurs with the volume’s central premise that the process of reorganization of interests has ultimately been driven by politics. The paper will rely for evidence of convergence and divergence between mass demand and party programmatic supply on surveys of mass opinion about economic reforms and politics (Wall Street Journal 1998; National Election Studies [Brazil 2002; Chile 1999, 2005; Mexico 1997, 2000, 2003]; and other national polls) matched against the preferences of elite representatives on the salient dimensions of programmatic competition as revealed in fifteen surveys of legislators; eleven were conducted by the Latin American Elite Project of the University of Salamanca, Spain (Argentina 1996, 1998, 2004; Brazil 2005; Chile 1994, 1998, 2002; and Mexico 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003), and four are original (Argentina 1997, Brazil 1999-2000; Chile 1998, and Mexico 2001-2002). It will review theoretical expectations about interest representation and the strategic behavior of parties; describe the impact of neoliberal reforms on constituents’ capacities to mobilize and the ability of parties to deliver; present an empirical analysis of program offers and voter response to new and old parties; and conclude with a discussion of the relationship of theories about party representation to political representation.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

parti (218), reform (119), state (99), polit (96), issu (60), programmat (56), econom (52), represent (50), polici (50), patronag (49), politician (47), mexico (44), argentina (43), program (41), competit (40), brazil (40), may (39), chile (38), legisl (37), public (37), market (35),
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Association:
Name: Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies
URL:
http://www.ces.columbia.edu


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400118_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Hagopian, Frances. "Reorganizing Interests in Latin America in the Age of Neoliberal Reform" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400118_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hagopian, F. "Reorganizing Interests in Latin America in the Age of Neoliberal Reform" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada Online <PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400118_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper will directly engage the question, “How have the ways in which interests are represented been reorganized in the wake of neo-liberal globalization” in the context of four major Latin American countries – Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico – that experienced such a fundamental economic transformation in the past quarter century. It subscribes to the view that “globalization and neoliberalism have disorganized older systems of representation” – particularly those based on state corporatism, but also concurs with the volume’s central premise that the process of reorganization of interests has ultimately been driven by politics. The paper will rely for evidence of convergence and divergence between mass demand and party programmatic supply on surveys of mass opinion about economic reforms and politics (Wall Street Journal 1998; National Election Studies [Brazil 2002; Chile 1999, 2005; Mexico 1997, 2000, 2003]; and other national polls) matched against the preferences of elite representatives on the salient dimensions of programmatic competition as revealed in fifteen surveys of legislators; eleven were conducted by the Latin American Elite Project of the University of Salamanca, Spain (Argentina 1996, 1998, 2004; Brazil 2005; Chile 1994, 1998, 2002; and Mexico 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003), and four are original (Argentina 1997, Brazil 1999-2000; Chile 1998, and Mexico 2001-2002). It will review theoretical expectations about interest representation and the strategic behavior of parties; describe the impact of neoliberal reforms on constituents’ capacities to mobilize and the ability of parties to deliver; present an empirical analysis of program offers and voter response to new and old parties; and conclude with a discussion of the relationship of theories about party representation to political representation.


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