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After the Crisis Is Before the Crisis? European Labor Market Policy Responses in Comparative Perspective

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Abstract:

The economic and financial crisis of 2008 has left millions of workers without jobs in 2009. In most European countries, unemployment has skyrocketed within a few months, turning high-level performances into record-setting lows. With the sudden decline in employment, not only the European “activation paradigm” has been undermined, but also national policy makers are faced with tough choices, having to accept either growing inequalities or employment-hampering tax hikes. In the paper, the crisis response in three European welfare states is compared and contrasted, including Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Do these responses systematically differ, and if so, can these differences be best explained by reference to production and welfare regime characteristics and path dependencies? Alternatively, the crisis could amount to a large “exogenous shock,” which is typically seen as a catalyst for regime transformations and paradigm shifts. Hence, does the crisis represent an opportunity to break away from established – perhaps unwanted, yet entrenched – paths? As these reform needs are not taking place in isolation, it will also be asked, what role, if any, does the EU play in shaping these responses, both with respect to “positive” instruments associated with peer-review and benchmarking exercises, and “negative” constraints provided through the Economic and Monetary Union’s tight budgetary controls.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

job (125), unemploy (85), program (75), govern (68), creation (67), direct (62), 1 (58), 0 (58), market (56), job-creat (55), labor (45), 2009 (42), work (39), countri (38), polici (36), employ (34), 2008 (34), new (33), econom (29), case (29), benefit (29),
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Association:
Name: Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies
URL:
http://www.ces.columbia.edu


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400231_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Weishaupt, J. Timo. "After the Crisis Is Before the Crisis? European Labor Market Policy Responses in Comparative Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400231_index.html>

APA Citation:

Weishaupt, J. "After the Crisis Is Before the Crisis? European Labor Market Policy Responses in Comparative Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400231_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The economic and financial crisis of 2008 has left millions of workers without jobs in 2009. In most European countries, unemployment has skyrocketed within a few months, turning high-level performances into record-setting lows. With the sudden decline in employment, not only the European “activation paradigm” has been undermined, but also national policy makers are faced with tough choices, having to accept either growing inequalities or employment-hampering tax hikes. In the paper, the crisis response in three European welfare states is compared and contrasted, including Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Do these responses systematically differ, and if so, can these differences be best explained by reference to production and welfare regime characteristics and path dependencies? Alternatively, the crisis could amount to a large “exogenous shock,” which is typically seen as a catalyst for regime transformations and paradigm shifts. Hence, does the crisis represent an opportunity to break away from established – perhaps unwanted, yet entrenched – paths? As these reform needs are not taking place in isolation, it will also be asked, what role, if any, does the EU play in shaping these responses, both with respect to “positive” instruments associated with peer-review and benchmarking exercises, and “negative” constraints provided through the Economic and Monetary Union’s tight budgetary controls.


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