Citation

National Venues of Science and Policy Divergence: Controlling Bovine Tuberculosis in England and Ireland

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Abstract:

The paper compares the differing roles played by scientific knowledge and advisers in redefining policy images, focussing on the control of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in England, and Ireland. Since the 1970s, England and Ireland have experienced problems with bovine tuberculosis and implemented the same solution: the targeted culling of the main wildlife vector – the badger. Problem escalation in the 1990s pushed both countries to think again about the contribution made by culling. Scientific field trials conducted in both places over the last decade have yielded similar evidence but resulted in very different policy interpretations both by the scientists involved and the policymakers. The proposition explored here is that, the different scientific advisory structures put in place in the 1990s for the field trials are central to understanding the ultimately divergent control policies adopted by the countries and the role of badger culling in those. The contrasting degrees of freedom policymakers in England and Ireland gave to scientific advisers to set the research question, develop the study design and methodology, determine the length of the studies and interact with other policy actors resulted in very different relationships between policymakers and their scientific advisers. In the UK, scientists saw themselves as producers of truth and kept themselves at arm’s lengths from policymakers to avoid being politically tainted. Whilst in Ireland, scientists viewed themselves, and were treated, as junior partners in the policy process. The paper explores two dynamics of these relationships – role of the cognitive mechanism of learning and the hierarchy of boundary-ordering – in order to explain the divergent policy outcomes.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

decis (142), maker (133), decision-mak (126), polici (85), respons (62), expert (62), attribut (60), polit (56), issu (51), badger (50), ireland (48), england (42), frame (40), btb (38), cull (36), mechan (36), cognit (34), control (33), new (32), chang (32), social (32),
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Association:
Name: Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies
URL:
http://www.ces.columbia.edu


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400652_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Dunlop, Claire. "National Venues of Science and Policy Divergence: Controlling Bovine Tuberculosis in England and Ireland" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400652_index.html>

APA Citation:

Dunlop, C. "National Venues of Science and Policy Divergence: Controlling Bovine Tuberculosis in England and Ireland" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400652_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper compares the differing roles played by scientific knowledge and advisers in redefining policy images, focussing on the control of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in England, and Ireland. Since the 1970s, England and Ireland have experienced problems with bovine tuberculosis and implemented the same solution: the targeted culling of the main wildlife vector – the badger. Problem escalation in the 1990s pushed both countries to think again about the contribution made by culling. Scientific field trials conducted in both places over the last decade have yielded similar evidence but resulted in very different policy interpretations both by the scientists involved and the policymakers. The proposition explored here is that, the different scientific advisory structures put in place in the 1990s for the field trials are central to understanding the ultimately divergent control policies adopted by the countries and the role of badger culling in those. The contrasting degrees of freedom policymakers in England and Ireland gave to scientific advisers to set the research question, develop the study design and methodology, determine the length of the studies and interact with other policy actors resulted in very different relationships between policymakers and their scientific advisers. In the UK, scientists saw themselves as producers of truth and kept themselves at arm’s lengths from policymakers to avoid being politically tainted. Whilst in Ireland, scientists viewed themselves, and were treated, as junior partners in the policy process. The paper explores two dynamics of these relationships – role of the cognitive mechanism of learning and the hierarchy of boundary-ordering – in order to explain the divergent policy outcomes.


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