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Small indigenous languages as languages of instruction: The Pamiri languages in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Tashkurgan Autonomous Tajik County, China

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Abstract:

Pamiri languages in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Tashkurgan, China are not used as official languages of instruction, but are replaced by a local dominant language, Tajik, Uighur or Chinese. This paper examines the education of indigenous Pamiris and the incorporation of their languages and knowledge in schooling. Data sources consist of qualitative studies on education, and language attitudes in Mountainous Badakhshan, Tajikistan. Data on Afghanistan and Tashkurgan are less extensive and derive from unpublished interviews with individuals from these areas. Findings include prevalent informal use of a weak model of bilingual education, with supplemental Pamiri explanations to children who do not understand. Support for this practice among community members is strong. However, stakeholders differ on the question of Pamiri curriculum and literacy. A tentative comparison of Pamiri education inTajikistan, Afghanistan and China will be made. The paper concurs with the overall theme of the panel that quality education of Pamiri children in terms of increased educational participation, achievement and attainment, as well as in terms of community satisfaction require greater use of Pamiri language via a strong model of mother-tongue-based bilingual education that integrates indigenous knowledge.
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Name: 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p401568_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Elnazarov, Hakim. "Small indigenous languages as languages of instruction: The Pamiri languages in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Tashkurgan Autonomous Tajik County, China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p401568_index.html>

APA Citation:

Elnazarov, H. "Small indigenous languages as languages of instruction: The Pamiri languages in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Tashkurgan Autonomous Tajik County, China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p401568_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Pamiri languages in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Tashkurgan, China are not used as official languages of instruction, but are replaced by a local dominant language, Tajik, Uighur or Chinese. This paper examines the education of indigenous Pamiris and the incorporation of their languages and knowledge in schooling. Data sources consist of qualitative studies on education, and language attitudes in Mountainous Badakhshan, Tajikistan. Data on Afghanistan and Tashkurgan are less extensive and derive from unpublished interviews with individuals from these areas. Findings include prevalent informal use of a weak model of bilingual education, with supplemental Pamiri explanations to children who do not understand. Support for this practice among community members is strong. However, stakeholders differ on the question of Pamiri curriculum and literacy. A tentative comparison of Pamiri education inTajikistan, Afghanistan and China will be made. The paper concurs with the overall theme of the panel that quality education of Pamiri children in terms of increased educational participation, achievement and attainment, as well as in terms of community satisfaction require greater use of Pamiri language via a strong model of mother-tongue-based bilingual education that integrates indigenous knowledge.


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