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Black and Brown in the South: The Racial Disparity Index

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Abstract:

This study introduces an innovative methodology to systematically measure socio-economic disparities and gaps in quality of life across races, ethnicities, and other characteristics such as gender, income or geographic areas. This methodology is applied to construct a comprehensive index assessing disparities in the quality of life between blacks, Hispanics and whites in eight southern states: 4 "traditional" southern states: (Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina) and 4 new southern states (Florida, North Carolina, Georgia and Texas). It is also applied to construct another index comparing the quality of life of blacks and Hispanics in the traditional south versus the new south: the Performance Index. Together, these indexes provide new perspectives and insights on racial and ethnic disparities within the southern U.S.
Using the most recent data available from a wide range of sources, the Disparity Index and Performance Index summarize disparity scores computed for blacks, Hispanics and whites for 20 variables, from poverty to health insurance to political representation, organized along 3 basic, and interconnected, dimensions of quality of life and socio-economic disparity: Education, Economics and Business, and Health and Wellness.
Unlike methodologies that have been commonly used to measure racial disparity in previous studies, particularly the well known Equality Index published by the National Urban League, our methodology produces an unbiased measure of racial disparity in the southern U.S. In conjunction with the Performance Index, the Disparity Index brings to light areas in which blacks and Hispanics are doing relatively well and those in which they are underperforming the most in the region.
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Association:
Name: 34th Annual National Council for Black Studies
URL:
http://www.ncbsonline.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p406070_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Grover, Leslie. "Black and Brown in the South: The Racial Disparity Index" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 34th Annual National Council for Black Studies, Sheraton New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p406070_index.html>

APA Citation:

Grover, L. "Black and Brown in the South: The Racial Disparity Index" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 34th Annual National Council for Black Studies, Sheraton New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p406070_index.html

Publication Type: Panelist Abstract
Abstract: This study introduces an innovative methodology to systematically measure socio-economic disparities and gaps in quality of life across races, ethnicities, and other characteristics such as gender, income or geographic areas. This methodology is applied to construct a comprehensive index assessing disparities in the quality of life between blacks, Hispanics and whites in eight southern states: 4 "traditional" southern states: (Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina) and 4 new southern states (Florida, North Carolina, Georgia and Texas). It is also applied to construct another index comparing the quality of life of blacks and Hispanics in the traditional south versus the new south: the Performance Index. Together, these indexes provide new perspectives and insights on racial and ethnic disparities within the southern U.S.
Using the most recent data available from a wide range of sources, the Disparity Index and Performance Index summarize disparity scores computed for blacks, Hispanics and whites for 20 variables, from poverty to health insurance to political representation, organized along 3 basic, and interconnected, dimensions of quality of life and socio-economic disparity: Education, Economics and Business, and Health and Wellness.
Unlike methodologies that have been commonly used to measure racial disparity in previous studies, particularly the well known Equality Index published by the National Urban League, our methodology produces an unbiased measure of racial disparity in the southern U.S. In conjunction with the Performance Index, the Disparity Index brings to light areas in which blacks and Hispanics are doing relatively well and those in which they are underperforming the most in the region.


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