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Household Wealth and Teen Premarital Sex in Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract:

This paper uses the Demographic and Health Survey data collected in 2003-2006 to examine the link between household wealth and premarital sex among 15-19 years old females in 20 sub-Saharan African countries. Results show substantial differences between countries. Among never married, the lowest rate of premarital sex was observed in Ethiopia (3.61%), whereas the highest rate was found in Congo-Brazzaville (57.07%). Congo-Brazzaville had also the highest rate of premarital sex among ever-married teenagers (100.00%), whereas the lowest rate was found in Burkina Faso (33.11%). In each of the 20 countries, premarital sex rate was significantly more prevalent among ever-married than never married, which may suggest that sex could be a precursor to marriage. Multivariate analysis of never married teenagers shows that household wealth is significantly correlated to premarital sex only in 8 of the 20 countries. We use these results to caution against overgeneralization of the impact of poverty on teen sexuality and we recommend that sexual health programs should target all teenagers in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

1.000 (141), sexual (105), premarit (97), sex (80), teenag (62), countri (60), behavior (53), femal (48), signific (42), among (41), studi (38), 2004 (37), poverti (34), 2003 (33), marri (32), age (30), 20 (26), africa (26), saharan (26), sub (26), 1 (25),
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Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Djamba, Yanyi. and Kimuna, Sitawa. "Household Wealth and Teen Premarital Sex in Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 13, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409086_index.html>

APA Citation:

Djamba, Y. K. and Kimuna, S. R. , 2010-08-13 "Household Wealth and Teen Premarital Sex in Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-09-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409086_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper uses the Demographic and Health Survey data collected in 2003-2006 to examine the link between household wealth and premarital sex among 15-19 years old females in 20 sub-Saharan African countries. Results show substantial differences between countries. Among never married, the lowest rate of premarital sex was observed in Ethiopia (3.61%), whereas the highest rate was found in Congo-Brazzaville (57.07%). Congo-Brazzaville had also the highest rate of premarital sex among ever-married teenagers (100.00%), whereas the lowest rate was found in Burkina Faso (33.11%). In each of the 20 countries, premarital sex rate was significantly more prevalent among ever-married than never married, which may suggest that sex could be a precursor to marriage. Multivariate analysis of never married teenagers shows that household wealth is significantly correlated to premarital sex only in 8 of the 20 countries. We use these results to caution against overgeneralization of the impact of poverty on teen sexuality and we recommend that sexual health programs should target all teenagers in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.

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