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Historical Changes in Stay-at-Home Mothers: 1969 to 2009

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Abstract:

This paper describes the change over the last 40 years in the proportion of married women with children under 15 who are stay-at-home mothers.
Using Current Population Survey data, this paper explores the following questions:
1. How has the proportion of married women with children under 15 who were stay-at-home mothers changed since 1969?
2. Has the composition of this group changed over the last 40 years?

While the proportion of married women with children under 15 who are stay-at-home mothers declined significantly from 44 percent in 1969 to 26 percent in 2009, the relationship between stay-at-home mothers and particular demographic variables changed over this time. While in 1969, young women age 15 to 24 were less likely to be a stay at home mother than those age 35 and over, the opposite was the case in recent decades. In 1969, women with less than a high school degree were less likely than those with a high school degree to be a stay-at-home mother, but in recent decades this relationship switched. The relationship between being Hispanic and the odds of being a stay-at-home mother has also changed over time such that stay-at-home mothers are more likely to be Hispanic now. Compared historically with married women with children under 15 who are not stay-at-home mothers, recent stay-at-home mothers are more likely to be foreign-born, Hispanic, and age 15 to 24, and have less than a high school degree.
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Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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MLA Citation:

Kreider, Rose. and Elliott, Diana. "Historical Changes in Stay-at-Home Mothers: 1969 to 2009" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 14, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-07-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409832_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kreider, R. and Elliott, D. B. , 2010-08-14 "Historical Changes in Stay-at-Home Mothers: 1969 to 2009" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-07-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409832_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper describes the change over the last 40 years in the proportion of married women with children under 15 who are stay-at-home mothers.
Using Current Population Survey data, this paper explores the following questions:
1. How has the proportion of married women with children under 15 who were stay-at-home mothers changed since 1969?
2. Has the composition of this group changed over the last 40 years?

While the proportion of married women with children under 15 who are stay-at-home mothers declined significantly from 44 percent in 1969 to 26 percent in 2009, the relationship between stay-at-home mothers and particular demographic variables changed over this time. While in 1969, young women age 15 to 24 were less likely to be a stay at home mother than those age 35 and over, the opposite was the case in recent decades. In 1969, women with less than a high school degree were less likely than those with a high school degree to be a stay-at-home mother, but in recent decades this relationship switched. The relationship between being Hispanic and the odds of being a stay-at-home mother has also changed over time such that stay-at-home mothers are more likely to be Hispanic now. Compared historically with married women with children under 15 who are not stay-at-home mothers, recent stay-at-home mothers are more likely to be foreign-born, Hispanic, and age 15 to 24, and have less than a high school degree.

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