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Social Identity, Social Networks and Psychological Distress among Older Chinese Adults: Differences across Gender

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Abstract:

The rapid aging and increasing migration of Chinese population intrigue concerns about the traditional support mechanism for older adults in China. The purpose of this study is to examine the current situation of social networks and support for older adults in Chinese families and their influences on the older adults’ psychological distress, and any gender differences in these relationships. Data are from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study—Pilot, a pilot survey in 2008 in two provinces of China. Our analyses indicate that males and females differ significantly in their social identity and there were also marginally significant gender differences in their self-reported health and perceived future support. Furthermore, the associations between psychological distress and social networks and social support as well as the corresponding magnitudes of these associations differ across gender. Social networks significantly predict the psychological well-being for female Chinese older adults but not for males. Social support and perceived future support significantly correlate to the psychological well-being of male Chinese older adults but not for females. These results suggest that gender differences may exist in using social and psychological resources to cope with the stressful circumstances in life and it may be inappropriate to assume the effects of social and psychological resources are uniform for men and women.

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social (135), support (61), psycholog (58), health (58), studi (47), et (45), al (45), china (45), adult (42), chines (42), network (40), older (40), femal (38), male (38), famili (37), well (36), depress (35), ident (32), well-b (29), signific (29), differ (28),
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Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p410794_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Shen, Yuying. and Yeatts, Dale. "Social Identity, Social Networks and Psychological Distress among Older Chinese Adults: Differences across Gender" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 13, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p410794_index.html>

APA Citation:

Shen, Y. and Yeatts, D. E. , 2010-08-13 "Social Identity, Social Networks and Psychological Distress among Older Chinese Adults: Differences across Gender" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA Online <PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p410794_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The rapid aging and increasing migration of Chinese population intrigue concerns about the traditional support mechanism for older adults in China. The purpose of this study is to examine the current situation of social networks and support for older adults in Chinese families and their influences on the older adults’ psychological distress, and any gender differences in these relationships. Data are from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study—Pilot, a pilot survey in 2008 in two provinces of China. Our analyses indicate that males and females differ significantly in their social identity and there were also marginally significant gender differences in their self-reported health and perceived future support. Furthermore, the associations between psychological distress and social networks and social support as well as the corresponding magnitudes of these associations differ across gender. Social networks significantly predict the psychological well-being for female Chinese older adults but not for males. Social support and perceived future support significantly correlate to the psychological well-being of male Chinese older adults but not for females. These results suggest that gender differences may exist in using social and psychological resources to cope with the stressful circumstances in life and it may be inappropriate to assume the effects of social and psychological resources are uniform for men and women.


Similar Titles:
Reciprocal Social Support for Older Adults: Giving as a Beneficial Moderator between Received Support and Older Adults’ Psychological Health Problems

Family-Based Support, Community-Based Support, and Life Satisfaction among Older Adults in Current China

Social Support Network Preference: Toward a Conceptual Model of Network Choice among Individuals Seeking Support for Overall Positive Well-Being and During Times of Health Crisis


 
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