Citation

Discrimination and Health Related Quality of Life among Black and White Men and Women

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Abstract:

Objective: This study investigates interpersonal discrimination and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) among black and white men and women.

Methods: We examined data from the National Health Measurement Study, a nationally representative sample of the US general population. The data were stratified by gender and race and weighted means and percentages were computed for black and white men and women using strata to account for complex sampling design. Each group was further stratified by discrimination scale scores and multiple regression, incorporating weights and strata to account for complex survey design, was used to compute mean HRQOL scores.

Results: Black men reported the highest lifetime discrimination scores, followed by black women; white women tended to report the least lifetime discrimination. The distribution of everyday discrimination scores was very similar for black men and women; white men’s and women’s scores shifted toward the low-discrimination end of the scale compared to blacks. HRQOL tended to get worse as reported discrimination increased. With a few exceptions, differences between mean HRQOL scores in the lowest and highest discrimination groups exceeded the 0.03 difference generally considered to be a clinically significant difference.

Conclusions: Persons who experienced interpersonal discrimination tended to score lower on HRQOL measures. As HRQOL measures become more widely used, it is important to investigate a wider range of demographic and social factors.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

discrimin (78), health (70), black (48), score (46), hrqol (46), white (40), measur (37), women (33), p (32), men (31), studi (28), mean (25), 0.80 (25), differ (21), report (21), use (20), 0.81 (20), j (20), 0.87 (18), 0.83 (18), scale (17),
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.asanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p411646_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Sellers, Sherrill. and Fryback, Dennis. "Discrimination and Health Related Quality of Life among Black and White Men and Women" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 14, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p411646_index.html>

APA Citation:

Sellers, S. L. and Fryback, D. , 2010-08-14 "Discrimination and Health Related Quality of Life among Black and White Men and Women" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA Online <PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p411646_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Objective: This study investigates interpersonal discrimination and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) among black and white men and women.

Methods: We examined data from the National Health Measurement Study, a nationally representative sample of the US general population. The data were stratified by gender and race and weighted means and percentages were computed for black and white men and women using strata to account for complex sampling design. Each group was further stratified by discrimination scale scores and multiple regression, incorporating weights and strata to account for complex survey design, was used to compute mean HRQOL scores.

Results: Black men reported the highest lifetime discrimination scores, followed by black women; white women tended to report the least lifetime discrimination. The distribution of everyday discrimination scores was very similar for black men and women; white men’s and women’s scores shifted toward the low-discrimination end of the scale compared to blacks. HRQOL tended to get worse as reported discrimination increased. With a few exceptions, differences between mean HRQOL scores in the lowest and highest discrimination groups exceeded the 0.03 difference generally considered to be a clinically significant difference.

Conclusions: Persons who experienced interpersonal discrimination tended to score lower on HRQOL measures. As HRQOL measures become more widely used, it is important to investigate a wider range of demographic and social factors.


Similar Titles:
Black-White Differences in Mental and Physical Health: The Role of Discrimination, Social Support, and Religion

Africana Studies and the Study of Gender: A Reassessment of the Meaning and Significance of the 15th Amendment for (Black) Women's Suffrage Discourses

A complex interplay: An examination of social identity, discrimination, and mental health among Black women


 
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