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A Labor Market Dualism on the Economic Returns to U.S. Immigrants' Human Capital

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Abstract:

The literature on immigrants’ economic adaptation has developed along two lines, separately studying immigrants’ cross-border human capital and differentiated labor market structures. This article synthesizes both approaches by applying a labor market dualism to analyze the economic return to legal U.S. immigrants’ education and work experience from their original and host societies. The analysis shows that the earnings of immigrants in managerial/professional occupations are primarily determined by their education instead of foreign work experience; the known discounted effect of foreign education is not apparent for this group. Immigrants in non-managerial/professional occupations benefit from both pre-immigrant work experience and education but gain only limited benefits from addition U.S. education. The result supports the view that immigrants are rewarded as supplementary labor to different labor market sectors in the U.S. economy. It also highlights the use of a segmented labor market approach to study immigrants’ economic adaptation.

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immigr (192), educ (124), foreign (104), degre (83), u.s (77), model (76), year (75), high (71), skill (65), earn (53), work (53), employ (50), base (48), job (45), p (43), labor (43), sector (41), econom (40), tabl (39), market (37), return (36),
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Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Chen, Por-fu. "A Labor Market Dualism on the Economic Returns to U.S. Immigrants' Human Capital" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 14, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p411654_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chen, P. A. , 2010-08-14 "A Labor Market Dualism on the Economic Returns to U.S. Immigrants' Human Capital" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p411654_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The literature on immigrants’ economic adaptation has developed along two lines, separately studying immigrants’ cross-border human capital and differentiated labor market structures. This article synthesizes both approaches by applying a labor market dualism to analyze the economic return to legal U.S. immigrants’ education and work experience from their original and host societies. The analysis shows that the earnings of immigrants in managerial/professional occupations are primarily determined by their education instead of foreign work experience; the known discounted effect of foreign education is not apparent for this group. Immigrants in non-managerial/professional occupations benefit from both pre-immigrant work experience and education but gain only limited benefits from addition U.S. education. The result supports the view that immigrants are rewarded as supplementary labor to different labor market sectors in the U.S. economy. It also highlights the use of a segmented labor market approach to study immigrants’ economic adaptation.


Similar Titles:
Earning While Learning: Labor Market Returns to Student Employment During Tertiary Education

Changes in Returns to Education for High-Skilled Foreign- and Native-Born: Burgeoning Technology and Immigration Reform

Highly Skilled Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market: Job Context and Earnings Competition with Natives


 
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