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Good Norms, Weak Programs: Cross-National Diffusion of the United Nations Global Compact

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What drives the cross-national diffusion of the global norm of corporate responsibility (CR), as embodied in an arguably a weak program? We explore this issue in the context of United Nations Global Compact. The Compact encourages businesses to embrace ten principles in the areas of human rights, labor standards, the environment, and corruption. Launched in 2000, this program includes over 5,000 participating businesses in over 120 countries. The Constructivist and World Society approaches seek to explain the spread of good norms across the globe, but do not address the possibility that good norms might be embodied in weak programs. Furthermore, the World Society perspective suggests that networks of inter-governmental organizations (IGOs) and international NGOs (INGOs) serve as transmission belts for liberal norms. The Compact has been criticized by NGOs because it does not specify concrete, verifiable goals and does not provide for credible monitoring and enforcement, yet large numbers of firms have joined. Our examination of the adoption of the Global Compact during the period 2001 to 2007 suggests that while embeddedness in IGO networks encourages program adoption, embeddedness in INGO networks discourages it.

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program (140), norm (138), compact (126), global (122), firm (86), intern (60), countri (57), particip (55), cr (54), world (53), adopt (50), organ (49), network (48), societi (45), 40 (43), nation (43), diffus (42), corpor (41), page (40), unit (39), polit (39),
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Name: Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners
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http://www.isanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Berliner, Daniel. "Good Norms, Weak Programs: Cross-National Diffusion of the United Nations Global Compact" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p414938_index.html>

APA Citation:

Berliner, D. P. , 2010-02-17 "Good Norms, Weak Programs: Cross-National Diffusion of the United Nations Global Compact" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p414938_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: What drives the cross-national diffusion of the global norm of corporate responsibility (CR), as embodied in an arguably a weak program? We explore this issue in the context of United Nations Global Compact. The Compact encourages businesses to embrace ten principles in the areas of human rights, labor standards, the environment, and corruption. Launched in 2000, this program includes over 5,000 participating businesses in over 120 countries. The Constructivist and World Society approaches seek to explain the spread of good norms across the globe, but do not address the possibility that good norms might be embodied in weak programs. Furthermore, the World Society perspective suggests that networks of inter-governmental organizations (IGOs) and international NGOs (INGOs) serve as transmission belts for liberal norms. The Compact has been criticized by NGOs because it does not specify concrete, verifiable goals and does not provide for credible monitoring and enforcement, yet large numbers of firms have joined. Our examination of the adoption of the Global Compact during the period 2001 to 2007 suggests that while embeddedness in IGO networks encourages program adoption, embeddedness in INGO networks discourages it.


Similar Titles:
World Society, International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs), and Political Participation

The Corporate Social Responsibility Model Developed By the United Nations - The Global Compact

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