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Structural elaboration of vocational education and training systems in South Asia: World level ideologies and the path-dependent effects of educational expansion

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Abstract:

Structural elaboration of vocational education and training systems in South Asia: World level ideologies and the path-dependent effects of educational expansion
Markus Maurer, University of Zurich
Abstract:
In earlier texts on global trends in the field of education, it has been argued that the world-wide diffusion of westernised discourses and models would lead to a decline in the importance of vocational education vis-à-vis general education, particularly at the secondary level (see e.g. Benavot 1983). Even though global trends in education seem to partially contradict this forecast and even though the convergence and divergence in vocational education is increasingly debated in the sociological and political-science literature on skill formation regimes, notably the neo-institutionalist strand of research has been surprisingly silent about recent trends in vocational education.
The paper, therefore, confronts the earlier hypothesis by Benavot (1983) with the results of empirical research in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, which suggests that vocationalising (secondary) education has continued to be important in South Asia despite pressure by international organizations (notably by the World Bank) to focus on academic general education. It will be argued that the respective policies need to be understood as the result of path-dependent expansion of educational systems and the incentives created by the respective institutional frameworks. The evidence also suggests that the – unexpected – convergence of Sri Lanka’s and Bangladesh’s vocational education systems may be rather the consequence of similarly structured endogenous forces than of exogenous influence by global organisations and the respective discourses and models.
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Association:
Name: 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p419706_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Maurer, Markus. "Structural elaboration of vocational education and training systems in South Asia: World level ideologies and the path-dependent effects of educational expansion" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p419706_index.html>

APA Citation:

Maurer, M. "Structural elaboration of vocational education and training systems in South Asia: World level ideologies and the path-dependent effects of educational expansion" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois <Not Available>. 2014-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p419706_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Structural elaboration of vocational education and training systems in South Asia: World level ideologies and the path-dependent effects of educational expansion
Markus Maurer, University of Zurich
Abstract:
In earlier texts on global trends in the field of education, it has been argued that the world-wide diffusion of westernised discourses and models would lead to a decline in the importance of vocational education vis-à-vis general education, particularly at the secondary level (see e.g. Benavot 1983). Even though global trends in education seem to partially contradict this forecast and even though the convergence and divergence in vocational education is increasingly debated in the sociological and political-science literature on skill formation regimes, notably the neo-institutionalist strand of research has been surprisingly silent about recent trends in vocational education.
The paper, therefore, confronts the earlier hypothesis by Benavot (1983) with the results of empirical research in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, which suggests that vocationalising (secondary) education has continued to be important in South Asia despite pressure by international organizations (notably by the World Bank) to focus on academic general education. It will be argued that the respective policies need to be understood as the result of path-dependent expansion of educational systems and the incentives created by the respective institutional frameworks. The evidence also suggests that the – unexpected – convergence of Sri Lanka’s and Bangladesh’s vocational education systems may be rather the consequence of similarly structured endogenous forces than of exogenous influence by global organisations and the respective discourses and models.


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