Citation

SDO Abroad: The Bidirectional Relationship between Social Hierarchy Orientation and the Study Abroad Experience

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Abstract:

This study examines the bidirectional role of social dominance orientation (SDO, Sidanius & Pratto, 1999) in the undergraduate education abroad experience. In prior research, SDO was correlated with prejudicial attitudes that hinder intergroup contact and understanding; what is not clear, however, is what contextual influences accentuate or attenuate this orientation (Huddy, 2004). We report findings from an ongoing longitudinal study comparing cohorts of Penn State University students studying abroad with their campus-based counterparts. Longitudinal data was collected at the beginning and end of the fall 2009 and spring 2010 semesters. Preliminary findings suggest that political orientation plays an important role in the study abroad experience. Students who chose to study abroad were lower on measures of SDO, symbolic racism, and had a greater motivation to engage in intercultural contact than their on-campus peers. Over the course of a semester abroad, students became more oriented toward their host country through reduced intergroup anxiety and increased perspective-taking. Levels of SDO at the outset of the experience conditioned how the intercultural context impacted the student. Low SDO students showed greater increases in universality: the belief in the commonality of all human experiences (Fuertes at al, 2000). In contrast, high SDO students underwent a significant decrease in SDO as a result of the semester-long experience. This study provides a novel examination of how political orientation can shape the effects of intergroup contact while being conditioned by that experience. Further, it helps us better understand the impact of educational diversity experiences on student development.

Author's Keywords:

cultural understanding, contact, prejudice, social dominance
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Association:
Name: ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting
URL:
http://ispp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p420096_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Livert, David. and Martin, Daniela. "SDO Abroad: The Bidirectional Relationship between Social Hierarchy Orientation and the Study Abroad Experience" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting, Mark Hopkins Hotel, San Francisco, California, USA, Jul 07, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p420096_index.html>

APA Citation:

Livert, D. and Martin, D. , 2010-07-07 "SDO Abroad: The Bidirectional Relationship between Social Hierarchy Orientation and the Study Abroad Experience" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting, Mark Hopkins Hotel, San Francisco, California, USA <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p420096_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines the bidirectional role of social dominance orientation (SDO, Sidanius & Pratto, 1999) in the undergraduate education abroad experience. In prior research, SDO was correlated with prejudicial attitudes that hinder intergroup contact and understanding; what is not clear, however, is what contextual influences accentuate or attenuate this orientation (Huddy, 2004). We report findings from an ongoing longitudinal study comparing cohorts of Penn State University students studying abroad with their campus-based counterparts. Longitudinal data was collected at the beginning and end of the fall 2009 and spring 2010 semesters. Preliminary findings suggest that political orientation plays an important role in the study abroad experience. Students who chose to study abroad were lower on measures of SDO, symbolic racism, and had a greater motivation to engage in intercultural contact than their on-campus peers. Over the course of a semester abroad, students became more oriented toward their host country through reduced intergroup anxiety and increased perspective-taking. Levels of SDO at the outset of the experience conditioned how the intercultural context impacted the student. Low SDO students showed greater increases in universality: the belief in the commonality of all human experiences (Fuertes at al, 2000). In contrast, high SDO students underwent a significant decrease in SDO as a result of the semester-long experience. This study provides a novel examination of how political orientation can shape the effects of intergroup contact while being conditioned by that experience. Further, it helps us better understand the impact of educational diversity experiences on student development.


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