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From Textile to Textual: Spatial Transmutation of the Textile Company Brasil Industrial’s Buildings in Paracambi - RJ

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Abstract:

The flow of sociotechnical transformations produces materialities that can be observed through the transmutation of areas affected by them, leaving over the time, a legacy, in general, larger than that left by the flow of power. Within this context, the textile factory space was one of the greatest inspirations, one of the largest laboratories and one of the main "victims" of the trajectory of Fordist production models. In Brazil, particularly in Rio de Janeiro, starting from the second half of the 19th century, many buildings were built for the installation of textile manufacturers. These enterprises experienced their heyday in the first half of the 20th century. During that time they were all place of important local sociotechnical framing. However, in the early '70s, the Recession and the Oil Crisis triggered a set of processes that eliminated the Fordist’s commitments of then. This framework led to the consolidation of new models of accumulation and production, characterized by the fluidity and flexibility. This culminated in the late 80's with the so-called “Markets Opening” and the consequent changes in the flow of capital and its investment centers. Thus it was the consolidated end of this classic cycle of the textile industry in Rio de Janeiro and with it the sad closing of buildings, usually monumental and with alien architectural styles. Many of these buildings were, after several negotiations, turned into shopping malls, with some aspects of strategic and cultural venues, such as safe parking areas, compensating former liabilities. This paper will focus on "Textile Company Brasil Industrial”, founded in 1870, in the city of Paracambi, Rio de Janeiro, the first and the largest textile manufacturer of cotton in Brazil, by its time. Its introduction promoted a symbolic clash between local agrarian culture and the projected industrial modernity, represented by human actors, such as British entrepreneurs and other non-human actors, for example, its buildings, its machines, its time clocks, its workers' village, etc. After the closing of " Textile Company Brasil Industrial ", in the late 80's, opens a period of great controversy, which led to its toppling by the State Institute of Artistic and Cultural Heritage (INEPAC). But it was in the early years of the third millennium that their buildings were acquired by the local prefecture, in a daring postmodern project of turning it into a "Knowledge Factory", through the entanglement of the flow of public policy actions of the municipal, state and federal powers, in order to install there teaching units, research and outreach at all levels. Faced with more controversy, various institutions and courses have been deployed there, all of emphasis and informational production, for example, a course in Information Systems, taught at the Instituto Superior de Tecnologia FAETEC-RJ (College of Technology FAETEC-RJ). This paper will analyze, from an approach based on the Actor-Network Theory, the current results of these controversies, which are being able to transmute an area of textile manufacturing in one place of educational textual production.
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Name: 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions
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MLA Citation:

Paiva, Eduardo. "From Textile to Textual: Spatial Transmutation of the Textile Company Brasil Industrial’s Buildings in Paracambi - RJ" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Aug 25, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p422677_index.html>

APA Citation:

Paiva, E. N. , 2010-08-25 "From Textile to Textual: Spatial Transmutation of the Textile Company Brasil Industrial’s Buildings in Paracambi - RJ" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p422677_index.html

Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The flow of sociotechnical transformations produces materialities that can be observed through the transmutation of areas affected by them, leaving over the time, a legacy, in general, larger than that left by the flow of power. Within this context, the textile factory space was one of the greatest inspirations, one of the largest laboratories and one of the main "victims" of the trajectory of Fordist production models. In Brazil, particularly in Rio de Janeiro, starting from the second half of the 19th century, many buildings were built for the installation of textile manufacturers. These enterprises experienced their heyday in the first half of the 20th century. During that time they were all place of important local sociotechnical framing. However, in the early '70s, the Recession and the Oil Crisis triggered a set of processes that eliminated the Fordist’s commitments of then. This framework led to the consolidation of new models of accumulation and production, characterized by the fluidity and flexibility. This culminated in the late 80's with the so-called “Markets Opening” and the consequent changes in the flow of capital and its investment centers. Thus it was the consolidated end of this classic cycle of the textile industry in Rio de Janeiro and with it the sad closing of buildings, usually monumental and with alien architectural styles. Many of these buildings were, after several negotiations, turned into shopping malls, with some aspects of strategic and cultural venues, such as safe parking areas, compensating former liabilities. This paper will focus on "Textile Company Brasil Industrial”, founded in 1870, in the city of Paracambi, Rio de Janeiro, the first and the largest textile manufacturer of cotton in Brazil, by its time. Its introduction promoted a symbolic clash between local agrarian culture and the projected industrial modernity, represented by human actors, such as British entrepreneurs and other non-human actors, for example, its buildings, its machines, its time clocks, its workers' village, etc. After the closing of " Textile Company Brasil Industrial ", in the late 80's, opens a period of great controversy, which led to its toppling by the State Institute of Artistic and Cultural Heritage (INEPAC). But it was in the early years of the third millennium that their buildings were acquired by the local prefecture, in a daring postmodern project of turning it into a "Knowledge Factory", through the entanglement of the flow of public policy actions of the municipal, state and federal powers, in order to install there teaching units, research and outreach at all levels. Faced with more controversy, various institutions and courses have been deployed there, all of emphasis and informational production, for example, a course in Information Systems, taught at the Instituto Superior de Tecnologia FAETEC-RJ (College of Technology FAETEC-RJ). This paper will analyze, from an approach based on the Actor-Network Theory, the current results of these controversies, which are being able to transmute an area of textile manufacturing in one place of educational textual production.


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