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Network Structure of Cross-Border Drug Trafficking Organizations in China

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Abstract:

As Chinese economy has gradually emerged on the global stage, China’s large population base and huge market potential for illicit drugs have drawn attention of global drug traffickers. Cross-border drug trafficking, an important form of organized crime, has constituted a significant challenge to China’s border control. Our knowledge of China’s cross-border drug trafficking and its organizational structure is very limited and few empirical studies are available on this important issue. The current study will use network perspective to analyze the network structure of 95 cross-border drug trafficking organizations captured by the Chinese border control from 1999-2006. Our preliminary findings indicate that the majority of these drug trafficking networks resemble small world networks in terms of their low average distances and high clustering coefficients. Unlike traditional organized crime hierarchy, none of the networks demonstrate clear pyramid-like criminal authority structures. Our analysis shows that the structure of these international drug trafficking groups can be reduced to two major structural units, ‘core elites’ and ‘partners’, and their network structures show strong functional resilience even when some of their members are captured. This type of organizational structure has posted significant challenges for law enforcement. The policy implications will be discussed.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p430132_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Huang, Huixia., Deng, Xiaogang. and Zhang, Baoping. "Network Structure of Cross-Border Drug Trafficking Organizations in China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p430132_index.html>

APA Citation:

Huang, H. , Deng, X. and Zhang, B. , 2010-11-17 "Network Structure of Cross-Border Drug Trafficking Organizations in China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p430132_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As Chinese economy has gradually emerged on the global stage, China’s large population base and huge market potential for illicit drugs have drawn attention of global drug traffickers. Cross-border drug trafficking, an important form of organized crime, has constituted a significant challenge to China’s border control. Our knowledge of China’s cross-border drug trafficking and its organizational structure is very limited and few empirical studies are available on this important issue. The current study will use network perspective to analyze the network structure of 95 cross-border drug trafficking organizations captured by the Chinese border control from 1999-2006. Our preliminary findings indicate that the majority of these drug trafficking networks resemble small world networks in terms of their low average distances and high clustering coefficients. Unlike traditional organized crime hierarchy, none of the networks demonstrate clear pyramid-like criminal authority structures. Our analysis shows that the structure of these international drug trafficking groups can be reduced to two major structural units, ‘core elites’ and ‘partners’, and their network structures show strong functional resilience even when some of their members are captured. This type of organizational structure has posted significant challenges for law enforcement. The policy implications will be discussed.


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