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Pre-Crime, Pre-Emption and Prevention: Social and Ethical Consequences of Pre-Emptive Surveillance of Children

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Abstract:

In the last couple of decades British government discourse on crime prevention has placed a growing emphasis on evidence-based prevention and the use of pre-emptive surveillance technologies has increased significantly. One of the applications of this pre-emptive discourse has been the development of (risk-assessment) technologies to predict which children and young people will commit crimes in the future and to intervene before it is too late. An example of this policy discussed in the paper is ONSET, a tool that is used to make an assessment of children aged 8-13 who are referred to the ‘Youth Inclusion and Support Panel’ (YISP) if they are thought to be potential offenders, on the basis of which the child will be referred to a 'diversionary' scheme.
The purpose of this paper is, by using ONSET as a case study, to firstly investigate how this pre-emptive policy has emerged and secondly to address a number of major social, ethical and legal issues that come to light when analyzing crime prevention initiatives such as these.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431467_index.html
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MLA Citation:

van Brakel, Rosamunde. "Pre-Crime, Pre-Emption and Prevention: Social and Ethical Consequences of Pre-Emptive Surveillance of Children" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 16, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431467_index.html>

APA Citation:

van Brakel, R. , 2010-11-16 "Pre-Crime, Pre-Emption and Prevention: Social and Ethical Consequences of Pre-Emptive Surveillance of Children" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431467_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In the last couple of decades British government discourse on crime prevention has placed a growing emphasis on evidence-based prevention and the use of pre-emptive surveillance technologies has increased significantly. One of the applications of this pre-emptive discourse has been the development of (risk-assessment) technologies to predict which children and young people will commit crimes in the future and to intervene before it is too late. An example of this policy discussed in the paper is ONSET, a tool that is used to make an assessment of children aged 8-13 who are referred to the ‘Youth Inclusion and Support Panel’ (YISP) if they are thought to be potential offenders, on the basis of which the child will be referred to a 'diversionary' scheme.
The purpose of this paper is, by using ONSET as a case study, to firstly investigate how this pre-emptive policy has emerged and secondly to address a number of major social, ethical and legal issues that come to light when analyzing crime prevention initiatives such as these.


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