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Juvenile or Adult: Status Differentials and Sentencing in Adult Criminal Court

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Abstract:

Prior research has found that juveniles transferred to adult court suffer a “juvenile penalty” in which they are subject to more severe sentencing outcomes than comparable young adults. This difference remains even after utilizing propensity score matching to ensure comparable samples and controlling for a multitude of factors known to impact sentencing. While the authors of prior research suggest this effect may be due to the “atypical” status of a juvenile in adult court, this hypothesis has yet to be tested. The current research is therefore designed to test this hypothesis using a four state sample of sentencing data from states that define either 16 (North Carolina and New York), 17 (South Carolina), or 18 (Pennsylvania) as the age of adulthood for criminal court processing. If it is indeed the atypical status of a juvenile in adult court that influences sentencing, I argue that such differentials in sentencing should not exist in states that simply define 16 and 17-year-olds as adults. Preliminary analysis indicates that not only does transfer status have significant implications for adult court processing, but that this effect is further conditioned by mode of transfer and type of offense.
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Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431880_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kurlychek, Megan. "Juvenile or Adult: Status Differentials and Sentencing in Adult Criminal Court" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-01-05 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431880_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kurlychek, M. C. , 2010-11-17 "Juvenile or Adult: Status Differentials and Sentencing in Adult Criminal Court" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California <Not Available>. 2014-01-05 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431880_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Prior research has found that juveniles transferred to adult court suffer a “juvenile penalty” in which they are subject to more severe sentencing outcomes than comparable young adults. This difference remains even after utilizing propensity score matching to ensure comparable samples and controlling for a multitude of factors known to impact sentencing. While the authors of prior research suggest this effect may be due to the “atypical” status of a juvenile in adult court, this hypothesis has yet to be tested. The current research is therefore designed to test this hypothesis using a four state sample of sentencing data from states that define either 16 (North Carolina and New York), 17 (South Carolina), or 18 (Pennsylvania) as the age of adulthood for criminal court processing. If it is indeed the atypical status of a juvenile in adult court that influences sentencing, I argue that such differentials in sentencing should not exist in states that simply define 16 and 17-year-olds as adults. Preliminary analysis indicates that not only does transfer status have significant implications for adult court processing, but that this effect is further conditioned by mode of transfer and type of offense.

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Juvenile Status and Sentencing Disparity in Adult Court: The Role of Guideline Departures

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