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The Role of the Behavioral Sciences in Recent Supreme Court Cases Concerning Juvenile Offenders

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Abstract:

Historically, the Supreme Court has shown both a reluctance and great interest in utilizing behavioral science research to frame their decisions. In recent decisions concerning juvenile offenders, the Court has relied upon, in part, behavioral science research regarding the role of developmental factors in youthful offending. At earlier points in time, the Court provided juvenile offenders with many of the same legal rights as adult offenders and paid little attention to behavioral science research. In these earlier decisions, the Court viewed juvenile offenders as no different from adults in terms of their blameworthiness. This paper will examine the shifting viewpoints of the Court concerning what role behavioral science research should have in framing the Court's decision by analyzing recent Court decisions concerning juveniles and the death penalty and life parole for juveniles. These two cases will be contrasted with earlier Court decisions. The paper will offer an interpretation of the shifting role of the behavioral sciences in Court decisions concerning the blameworthiness of juvenile offenders.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p432079_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Erickson, Patricia. "The Role of the Behavioral Sciences in Recent Supreme Court Cases Concerning Juvenile Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p432079_index.html>

APA Citation:

Erickson, P. , 2010-11-17 "The Role of the Behavioral Sciences in Recent Supreme Court Cases Concerning Juvenile Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p432079_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Historically, the Supreme Court has shown both a reluctance and great interest in utilizing behavioral science research to frame their decisions. In recent decisions concerning juvenile offenders, the Court has relied upon, in part, behavioral science research regarding the role of developmental factors in youthful offending. At earlier points in time, the Court provided juvenile offenders with many of the same legal rights as adult offenders and paid little attention to behavioral science research. In these earlier decisions, the Court viewed juvenile offenders as no different from adults in terms of their blameworthiness. This paper will examine the shifting viewpoints of the Court concerning what role behavioral science research should have in framing the Court's decision by analyzing recent Court decisions concerning juveniles and the death penalty and life parole for juveniles. These two cases will be contrasted with earlier Court decisions. The paper will offer an interpretation of the shifting role of the behavioral sciences in Court decisions concerning the blameworthiness of juvenile offenders.


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