Citation

Youth Responses to Discriminatory Practices: the Free Beach Movement, 1970-1975

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Abstract:

For several generations, the beaches of the U.S. Virgin Islands were utilized without restraint as a place for meditation and physical relaxation. From the mid-1950s to the late 1960s both visitors and residents swam in the sea and used the natural resource for other recreational purposes. However, as tourism increased in St. Thomas during the decade of the 1960s, numerous stateside developers purchased a significant amount of beachfront property and, by the early 1970s in both St. Thomas and St. John, prohibited the general public from using the beaches adjacent to their property. As a result, from 1970-1975, civil rights activists organized the Free Beach Movement and held public rallies, staged swim-ins, and conducted a letter writing campaign in order to draw attention to the fact that Virgin Islands beaches were no longer freely accessible and required admission fees. This paper discusses the movement and examines its political, economic, and social impact on the U.S. Virgin Islands. The paper is based on a chapter of the author’s PhD dissertation.
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Association:
Name: 95th Annual Convention
URL:
http://www.asalh.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p435364_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Hendricks, Derick. "Youth Responses to Discriminatory Practices: the Free Beach Movement, 1970-1975" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 95th Annual Convention, Raleigh Convention Center, Raleigh, North Carolina, Sep 29, 2010 <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p435364_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hendricks, D. A. , 2010-09-29 "Youth Responses to Discriminatory Practices: the Free Beach Movement, 1970-1975" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 95th Annual Convention, Raleigh Convention Center, Raleigh, North Carolina <Not Available>. 2014-11-27 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p435364_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For several generations, the beaches of the U.S. Virgin Islands were utilized without restraint as a place for meditation and physical relaxation. From the mid-1950s to the late 1960s both visitors and residents swam in the sea and used the natural resource for other recreational purposes. However, as tourism increased in St. Thomas during the decade of the 1960s, numerous stateside developers purchased a significant amount of beachfront property and, by the early 1970s in both St. Thomas and St. John, prohibited the general public from using the beaches adjacent to their property. As a result, from 1970-1975, civil rights activists organized the Free Beach Movement and held public rallies, staged swim-ins, and conducted a letter writing campaign in order to draw attention to the fact that Virgin Islands beaches were no longer freely accessible and required admission fees. This paper discusses the movement and examines its political, economic, and social impact on the U.S. Virgin Islands. The paper is based on a chapter of the author’s PhD dissertation.


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A Cultural Sociology of Emotions in Social Movements: Egypt, Revolution, and the April 6 Youth Movement


 
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