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State Supreme Courts, State Agencies, and Gubernatorial Power over the State Executive Branch
Unformatted Document Text:  Executive Control and Judicial Deference Abstract: Do judges defer to executives with increased institutional control over the executive branch? Administrative agencies play a key role in the policy implementation process and aggressive judicial review of executive branch activity could be viewed as a threat to executive power and met with negative response from executive officials. Governors across the country possess varying amounts of institutional authority over the agencies which comprise their states’ executive branches. For example, in many states executive branch officials are elected by the public or appointed by someone other than the governor. Increased fragmentation increases the difficulty of centralized management and gubernatorial influence over the executive branch. I examine whether state supreme courts defer more to agencies in states where governors have more formal control over the executive branch. I find that state supreme courts are more likely to rule in favor of state administrative agencies in states where the governor has increased appointment power and increased power to review agency rule-making Keywords: State Supreme Courts, Judicial Decision-Making, Executive Power

Authors: Johnson, Gbemende.
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Executive Control and Judicial Deference 
Do  judges  defer  to  executives  with  increased  institutional  control  over  the  executive 
branch?  Administrative  agencies  play  a  key  role  in  the  policy  implementation  process  and 
aggressive judicial review of executive branch activity could be viewed as a threat to executive 
power  and  met  with  negative  response  from  executive  officials.  Governors  across  the  country 
possess varying amounts of institutional authority over the agencies which comprise their states’ 
executive  branches.  For  example,  in  many  states  executive  branch  officials  are  elected  by  the 
public or appointed by someone other than the governor. Increased fragmentation increases the 
difficulty  of  centralized  management  and  gubernatorial  influence  over  the  executive  branch.  I 
examine  whether  state  supreme  courts  defer  more  to  agencies  in  states  where  governors  have 
more formal control over the executive branch. I find that state supreme courts are more likely to 
rule  in  favor  of  state  administrative  agencies  in  states  where  the  governor  has  increased 
appointment power and increased power to review agency rule-making 
State Supreme Courts, Judicial Decision-Making, Executive Power  

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