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Gender, Masculinity, and the 1960s Urban Rebellions

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Abstract:

Between 1965 and 1968, 329 urban rebellions took place in 257 American cities, resulting in nearly 300 deaths, 60,000 arrests, and hundreds of millions of dollars in property loss. Using Milwaukee, Cincinnati, and Omaha, as case studies, this study argues that the uprisings were historically informed acts of resistance, which demonstrated a gendered character. These uprisings occurred contemporaneously with the publication of the infamous,Monyihan report. The author, Daniel Monyihan, suggested that these uprisings represented Black males response to the matriarchal structure of the Black family. Thus, though unproblematized, gender has been central to the discussion of the 1960s rebellions since these events took place. This paper uses gender analysis to interpret the urban rebellions, for three reasons. First, understanding this policy and discursive context is important in making sense of how the state responded to the rebellions. Second, by reading the role of gender and masculinity back into the rebellions it becomes apparent how participants displayed their masculinity to reassert power within the municipal structure. Finally, the rebellions should not be interpreted solely as exercises in Black masculinity. Women were present and fully engaged in the rebellions, and not confined to spectator or cheerleader roles. By fully investigating the roles women played in the uprisings, and why they were more likely to participate in non-criminal ways, a more complex story can be constructed demonstrating the collective nature of the events. Most importantly by uncovering the articulations of gender the broader significance of the rebellions in the African-American experience becomes apparent.
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Association:
Name: 35th Annual National Council for Black Studies
URL:
http://www.ncbsonline.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p485262_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Howard, Ashley. "Gender, Masculinity, and the 1960s Urban Rebellions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 35th Annual National Council for Black Studies, The Westin, Cincinnati, OH, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p485262_index.html>

APA Citation:

Howard, A. , 2011-03-16 "Gender, Masculinity, and the 1960s Urban Rebellions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 35th Annual National Council for Black Studies, The Westin, Cincinnati, OH <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p485262_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Between 1965 and 1968, 329 urban rebellions took place in 257 American cities, resulting in nearly 300 deaths, 60,000 arrests, and hundreds of millions of dollars in property loss. Using Milwaukee, Cincinnati, and Omaha, as case studies, this study argues that the uprisings were historically informed acts of resistance, which demonstrated a gendered character. These uprisings occurred contemporaneously with the publication of the infamous,Monyihan report. The author, Daniel Monyihan, suggested that these uprisings represented Black males response to the matriarchal structure of the Black family. Thus, though unproblematized, gender has been central to the discussion of the 1960s rebellions since these events took place. This paper uses gender analysis to interpret the urban rebellions, for three reasons. First, understanding this policy and discursive context is important in making sense of how the state responded to the rebellions. Second, by reading the role of gender and masculinity back into the rebellions it becomes apparent how participants displayed their masculinity to reassert power within the municipal structure. Finally, the rebellions should not be interpreted solely as exercises in Black masculinity. Women were present and fully engaged in the rebellions, and not confined to spectator or cheerleader roles. By fully investigating the roles women played in the uprisings, and why they were more likely to participate in non-criminal ways, a more complex story can be constructed demonstrating the collective nature of the events. Most importantly by uncovering the articulations of gender the broader significance of the rebellions in the African-American experience becomes apparent.


Similar Titles:
Gender, Masculinity, and Power in the 1960s Urban Rebellions

Gendered promises, gendered betrayals: the African urban crisis, masculinity and the public in Abidjan

The Root Causes of 1960s Urban Rebellions and Their Lingering Social and Political Effects on Urban America


 
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