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Higher education in the period of economic crises: Comparative perspectives between the Unites States and the Russian federation

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Abstract:

Katerina M. Davis, Florida State University
Higher education in the period of economic crises: comparative perspectives between the Unites States and the Russian Federation.
My presentation will represent the research on comparisons of higher education in the United States and the Russian Federation in the context of recent economic changes that affected the education milieu of both countries. I analyzed the effect of the economic crisis on students’ preferences in college degree and major. I identified and described some of the main dilemmas and problems that American and Russian students face during this difficult economic time.
Hannum’s and Buchmann’s stated that “human capital stock is central to national economic development, as better-educated citizens are more productive” (Hannum and Buchmann, 2004, p. 497). This theory emphasizes the importance of education for the benefit of the society and national economy of the two countries. Moreover, higher education plays an important role in securing the stability of the American and Russian societies, while responding to economic challenges of the present day.
The goal of my research is to identify how the economic crisis affected student preferences in college degree and major in the United States and the Russian Federation? I used a mixed method approach in order to enhance the value of such comparisons by analyzing several types of variables (gross enrollment rate, enrolment in academic programs, and field of specialization in higher education).
The research findings showed that today, in the period of global economic crisis universities of both countries are confronting extremely serious challenges. In the Russian Federation and in the United States, students are neglecting their education in favor of well-paying jobs. Although both countries have similar political philosophies towards the development of their higher education systems, but their specific policies for higher education are quite different due to the different state structures, political economies, and academic cultures.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486261_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Davis, Yekaterina (Katerina). "Higher education in the period of economic crises: Comparative perspectives between the Unites States and the Russian federation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486261_index.html>

APA Citation:

Davis, Y. M. , 2011-04-30 "Higher education in the period of economic crises: Comparative perspectives between the Unites States and the Russian federation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486261_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Katerina M. Davis, Florida State University
Higher education in the period of economic crises: comparative perspectives between the Unites States and the Russian Federation.
My presentation will represent the research on comparisons of higher education in the United States and the Russian Federation in the context of recent economic changes that affected the education milieu of both countries. I analyzed the effect of the economic crisis on students’ preferences in college degree and major. I identified and described some of the main dilemmas and problems that American and Russian students face during this difficult economic time.
Hannum’s and Buchmann’s stated that “human capital stock is central to national economic development, as better-educated citizens are more productive” (Hannum and Buchmann, 2004, p. 497). This theory emphasizes the importance of education for the benefit of the society and national economy of the two countries. Moreover, higher education plays an important role in securing the stability of the American and Russian societies, while responding to economic challenges of the present day.
The goal of my research is to identify how the economic crisis affected student preferences in college degree and major in the United States and the Russian Federation? I used a mixed method approach in order to enhance the value of such comparisons by analyzing several types of variables (gross enrollment rate, enrolment in academic programs, and field of specialization in higher education).
The research findings showed that today, in the period of global economic crisis universities of both countries are confronting extremely serious challenges. In the Russian Federation and in the United States, students are neglecting their education in favor of well-paying jobs. Although both countries have similar political philosophies towards the development of their higher education systems, but their specific policies for higher education are quite different due to the different state structures, political economies, and academic cultures.


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