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Low-fee private schools: Is private better than public? Evidence from South Asia

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Abstract:

A fundamental theoretical issue in the economics of education literature focuses on whether there are efficiency gains in education due to type of ownership in schools, namely public or private, and if so why. Since Milton Friedman’s seminal paper on vouchers and tax credits (1962), policies that increase the private sector participation in education have been implemented in developed and developing countries alike. A recent development in South Asia is the expansion of private primary schooling for low-income households. Descriptive studies suggest that there are important differences in achievement for children attending public and private schools. However, a simple comparison based on private and public schools is problematic as this comparison may be between different groups of students. Thus, the research questions of this paper are: (1) What are the characteristics of low-fee private schools? (2) What is the empirical evidence in the literature of the impact of Low-Fee Private (LFP) schools on student achievement? (3) What are the possible causal mechanisms through which Low-Fee Private schools provide better education? The focus of this paper is on research methods and reviews the literature that estimate the effect of LFP schools on student achievement. The literature finds small, but significant, achievement gains from students attending Low-Fee Private schools after controlling for student’s characteristics.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486441_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Herrera, Katia. "Low-fee private schools: Is private better than public? Evidence from South Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486441_index.html>

APA Citation:

Herrera, K. , 2011-05-01 "Low-fee private schools: Is private better than public? Evidence from South Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p486441_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A fundamental theoretical issue in the economics of education literature focuses on whether there are efficiency gains in education due to type of ownership in schools, namely public or private, and if so why. Since Milton Friedman’s seminal paper on vouchers and tax credits (1962), policies that increase the private sector participation in education have been implemented in developed and developing countries alike. A recent development in South Asia is the expansion of private primary schooling for low-income households. Descriptive studies suggest that there are important differences in achievement for children attending public and private schools. However, a simple comparison based on private and public schools is problematic as this comparison may be between different groups of students. Thus, the research questions of this paper are: (1) What are the characteristics of low-fee private schools? (2) What is the empirical evidence in the literature of the impact of Low-Fee Private (LFP) schools on student achievement? (3) What are the possible causal mechanisms through which Low-Fee Private schools provide better education? The focus of this paper is on research methods and reviews the literature that estimate the effect of LFP schools on student achievement. The literature finds small, but significant, achievement gains from students attending Low-Fee Private schools after controlling for student’s characteristics.


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