Citation

Private higher education in China: Governance, market, and quality assurance

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Abstract:

This paper focuses on the quality and quality assurance of PHE in China. Our main purpose is to establish a common framework, through analyzing PHE growth and quality assurance, from the perspectives of the institutions, the public, and the government. First, we analyze private growth in the past three decades and the role of institutional governance in ensuring quality. Using Levy (1986)’s typology about different institutions, we have reached some findings about institutional profit-making motives and quality seeking among semi-elite and demand-absorbing institutions. Second, we describe how private college quality rankings have been conducted and publicized in mass media. The scrutiny of such ranking suggests that the motives are many. One main fact behind the rankings is that market competitions get increasingly intense among PHEIs and between the privates and the publics. Third, we narrate the historical quest for PHE quality by governmental agencies. We find that a common framework with room for diversity is needed. Therefore, we propose a quality assurance framework with different stages and standards, adopting the quality assurance process used in many countries (El-Khawas, DePietro-Jurand, & Holm-Nielsen, 1998) and the quality framework set up by the Sloan Foundation (Moore, 2002). The stages are three: self-study, exploratory visit, and final visit and re-accreditation. The quality framework include input standards on students, faculty, finance, assets; process standards on student learning and faculty teaching, using program reviews; and output standards on examination passing rates, upper division promotion rates, and graduate employment rates.

Author's Keywords:

private higher education, quality assurance, accreditation
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p487202_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Cao, Yingxia., Guo, Jianru. and Sun, Ruirui. "Private higher education in China: Governance, market, and quality assurance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p487202_index.html>

APA Citation:

Cao, Y. , Guo, J. and Sun, R. "Private higher education in China: Governance, market, and quality assurance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p487202_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This paper focuses on the quality and quality assurance of PHE in China. Our main purpose is to establish a common framework, through analyzing PHE growth and quality assurance, from the perspectives of the institutions, the public, and the government. First, we analyze private growth in the past three decades and the role of institutional governance in ensuring quality. Using Levy (1986)’s typology about different institutions, we have reached some findings about institutional profit-making motives and quality seeking among semi-elite and demand-absorbing institutions. Second, we describe how private college quality rankings have been conducted and publicized in mass media. The scrutiny of such ranking suggests that the motives are many. One main fact behind the rankings is that market competitions get increasingly intense among PHEIs and between the privates and the publics. Third, we narrate the historical quest for PHE quality by governmental agencies. We find that a common framework with room for diversity is needed. Therefore, we propose a quality assurance framework with different stages and standards, adopting the quality assurance process used in many countries (El-Khawas, DePietro-Jurand, & Holm-Nielsen, 1998) and the quality framework set up by the Sloan Foundation (Moore, 2002). The stages are three: self-study, exploratory visit, and final visit and re-accreditation. The quality framework include input standards on students, faculty, finance, assets; process standards on student learning and faculty teaching, using program reviews; and output standards on examination passing rates, upper division promotion rates, and graduate employment rates.


Similar Titles:
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Institutional management efforts and graduate employment in China’s private higher education institutions: Best practices and labor market outcomes


 
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